Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory

Publications: 1990 - 1999

Google Scholars list of publications











2010 - Present



Smith, J.L. and E.A. Paul. 1990. The significance of soil microbial biomass estimations. Soil Biochemistry, Vol 6. J. Bollag and G. Stotzky, (eds.). Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York & Basel. pp. 357-396.   PDF

Harris, D. and E.A. Paul. 1991. Techniques for examining carbon relationships of plant-microbial symbioses. In: Carbon Isotope Techniques. D. Coleman and B. Fry, (eds.). Academic Press, San Diego, CA. pp. 39-52.   PDF

Barnwell, T.O., R.B. Jackson, E.T. Elliott, I.C. Burke, C.V. Cole, K. Paustian, E.A. Paul, A.S. Donigian, A.S. Patwardhan, A. Rowell, and K. Weinrich. 1992. An approach to assessment of management impacts on agricultural soil carbon. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 64(1-2):423-435.   PDF

Hart, S.C., M.K. Firestone, and E.A. Paul. 1992. Decomposition and nutrient dynamics of ponderosa pine needles in a Mediterranean-type climate. Canadian Journal of  Forest Research - Revue Canadienne de Resherche Forestiere 22(3):306-314.   PDF

Horwath, W. R., E. A. Paul and K. S. Pregitzer. 1992 . Injection of Nitrogen-15  into trees to study nitrogen cycling in soil. Soil Science Society of America Journal 56(1):316-319.   PDF

Paul, E.A. 1992. Organic matter decomposition. In: Encyclopedia of Microbiology, Vol 3. J. Lederburg, (ed.). Academic Press, San Diego. pp. 289-304.   PDF

Hart, S.C., M.K. Firestone, E.A. Paul, and J.L. Smith. 1993. Flow and fate of soil -nitrogen in an annual grassland and a young mixed-conifer forest. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 25(4):431-442.   PDF

Elliott, E.T., I.C. Burke, C.A. Monz, S.D. Frey, K.H. Paustian, H.P. Collins, E.A. Paul, C.V. Cole,  R.L. Blevins, W.W. Frye, D.J. Lyon,  A.D. Halvorson, D.R. Huggins, R.F. Turco, and M.V. Hickman. 1994. Terrestrial carbon pools - preliminary data from the Corn-Belt and Great Plains regions. J.W. Doran, D.C. Coleman, D.F. Bezdicek, and B.A. Stewart, (eds.). Defining Soil Quality for a Sustainable Environment, Soil Science Society of America Special Publication 35:179-191.  PDF

Harris, D. and E.A. Paul. 1994. Measurement of bacterial growth rates in soil. Applied Soil Ecology 1(4):277-290.   PDF

Harris, G.H., O.B. Hesterman, E.A. Paul, S.E. Peters, and R.R. Janke. 1994. Fate of legume and fertilizer Nitrogen-15 in a long-term cropping systems experiment. Agronomy Journal 86(5):910-915.   PDF

Horwath, W.R. and E.A. Paul. 1994. Microbial biomass. In: Biochemical and Microbiological Properties of Soil. R.W. Weaver, S. Angle and P. Bottomley (eds.). Methods of soil analyses, Part 2. Soil Sci. Soc. Am., Madison, WI. pp. 753-773.   PDF

Horwath, W.R., K.S. Pregitzer, and E.A. Paul. 1994. C-14 allocation in tree soil systems. Tree Physiology 14(10):1163-1176.   PDF

Leavitt, S.W., E.A. Paul, B.A. Kimball, G.R. Hendrey, J.R. Mauney, R. Rauschkolb, H. Rogers, Jr., K.F. Lewin, J. Nagy, P.J. Pinter, Jr., and H.G. Johnson. 1994. Carbon-isotope dynamics of free-air CO2-enriched cotton and soils. Agricultural and Forest Metereology 70(1-4):87-101.   PDF

Paul, E.A., W.R. Horwath, D. Harris, R. Follett, S.W. Leavitt, B.A. Kimball, and K. Pregitzer. 1995. Establishing the pool sizes and fluxes in CO2 emissions from soil organic matter turnover. In: Advances in Soil Science of Soils and Global Change. R. Lal, J. Kimble, E. Levine, and B. Stewart, (eds.). CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. pp. 297-305.  PDF

Paustian, K., E.T. Elliott, H.P. Collins, C.V. Cole, and E.A. Paul.  1995.  Use of a network of long-term experiments for analysis of soil carbon dynamics and global change: the North American model.  Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 35(7):929-939.  PDF

Horwath, W.R., E.A. Paul, D. Harris, J. Norton, L. Jagger, and K.A. Horton. 1996. Defining a realistic control for the chloroform fumigation-incubation method using microscopic counting and C-14-substrates. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 76(4):459-467.   PDF

Leavitt, S.W., R.F. Follett, and E.A. Paul. 1996 . Estimation of slow- and fast-cycling soil organic carbon pools from 6N HCI hydrolysis. Radiocarbon 38(2):231-239.   PDF

Leavitt, S.W., E.A. Paul, A. Galadima, F.S. Nakayama, S.R. Danzer, H. Johnson, and B.A. Kimball.  1996.  Carbon isotopes and carbon turnover in cotton and wheat FACE experiments. Plant and Soil 187(2):147-155.   PDF

Miltner, E.D., B. E. Branham, E.A. Paul, and P.E. Rieke. 1996. Leaching and mass balance of N-15-labeled urea applied to a Kentucky bluegrass turf. Crop Science 36(6):1427-1433.   PDF

Paul, E.A. and F.E. Clark. 1996. Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry. 2nd edition. Academic Press, Inc., San Diego, CA. 340 pp.

Thorn, R.G., C.A. Reddy, D. Harris, and E.A. Paul. 1996. Isolation of saprophytic basidiomycetes from soils. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 62(11):4288-4292.   PDF

Collins, H.P., E.A. Paul and E.T. Elliott. 1997. Functional characterization of soil organic matter. In: Soil organic matter in temperate agroecosystems: long-term experiments in North America. E.A. Paul, K. Paustian, E.T. Elliott and C.V. Cole, (eds.). CRC Lewis Publishers Inc., Boca Raton, FL. pp. 51-72.   PDF

Follett, R.F., E.A. Paul, S.W. Leavitt, A.D. Halvorson, D. Lyon, and G.A. Peterson. 1997. Carbon isotope ratios of Great Plains soils in wheat-fallow systems. Soil Science Society of America Journal 61(4):1068-1077.   PDF

Harris, D., L.K. Porter and E.A. Paul. 1997. Continuous flow isotope ratio mass spectrometry of carbon dioxide trapped as strontium carbonate. Communications in Soil Science and  Plant Analysis 28(9-10):747-757.   PDF

Harris, D., R.P. Voroney, and E.A. Paul. 1998. Measurement of microbial biomass N:C ratio by chloroform fumigation-incubation. Canadian Journal of  Soil Science 77(4):507-514.   PDF

Leavitt, S.W., E.A. Paul, E. Pendall, P.J. Pinter, Jr., and B.A. Kimball. 1997. Field variability of carbon isotopes in soil organic carbon. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B. 123:451-454.   PDF

Paul, E.A., R.F. Follett, S.W. Leavitt, A. Halvorson, G.A. Peterson, and D.J. Lyon. 1997. Radiocarbon dating for determination of soil organic matter pool sizes and dynamics. Soil Science Society of America Journal 61(4):1058-1067.   PDF

Paul, E.A., K.L. Paustian, E.T. Elliott and C.V. Cole (eds.). 1997. Soil organic matter in temperate agroecosystems: long-term experiments in North America. CRC Lewis Publishers Inc., Boca Raton, FL. 414 pp plus disk.

Paustian, K., H.P. Collins, and E.A. Paul. 1997. Management controls on soil carbon. In: Soil organic matter in temperate agroecosystems: long-term experiments in North America. E.A. Paul, K. Paustian, E.T. Elliott, and C.V. Cole (eds.). CRC Lewis Publishers Inc., Boca Raton, FL. pp. 15-49.   PDF pgs15-30,  PDF pgs31-49

Robertson, G.P., K.M. Klingensmith, M.J. Klug, E.A. Paul, J.R. Crum, and B.G. Ellis. 1997. Soil resources, microbial activity, and primary production across an agricultural ecosystem. Ecological Applications 7(1):158-170.   PDF

Bruns, M.A., M.A. Fries, J.M. Tiedje, and E.A. Paul. 1998. Functional gene hybridization patterns of terrestrial ammonia-oxidizing bacteria. Microbial Ecology 36(3):293-302.   PDF

Paul , E.A. 1998. Analytical determination of soil C dynamics. International Congress of Soil Science.   PDF

Paul, E.A. and H.P. Collins. 1998. The characteristics of soil organic matter relative to nutrient cycling. In: Methods for Assessment of Soil Degradation. R. Lal, W.H. Blum, and C.Valentine, (eds.). CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. pp. 181-197.   PDF

Princic, A., I. Mahne, F. Megusar, E.A. Paul, and J.M. Tiedje. 1998. Effects of pH and oxygen and ammonium concentrations on the community structure of nitrifying bacteria from wastewater. Applied and  Environmental Microbiology 64(10):3584-3590.   PDF

Robertson, G.P. and E.A. Paul. 1998. Ecological research in agricultural ecosystems: contributions to ecosystem science and to the management of agronomic resources. In: Successes, Limitations and Frontiers in Ecosystem Science. P.M. Groffman and M.L. Pace, (eds.). Cary Conference VII, Springer-Verlag, New York, N.Y. pp. 142-164.   PDF

Smucker , A.J.M., D. Santos, Y. Kavdir, and E.A. Paul. 1998. Concentric gradients within stable soil aggregates. In 'Proceeding of the 16th World Congress of Soil Science'. International Congress of Soil Science Trans. 20-26 August 1998, Montpellier, France.  PDF

Bruns, M.A., J.R. Stephens, G.A. Kowalchuk, J.I. Prosser, and E.A. Paul. 1999. Comparative diversity of ammonia oxidizer 16S rRNA gene sequences in native, tilled, and successional soils. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 65(7):2994-3000.   PDF

Collins, H.P., R.L. Blevins, L.G. Bundy, D.R. Christenson, W.A. Dick, D.R. Huggins, and E.A. Paul. 1999. Soil carbon dynamics in corn-based agroecosystems: Results from carbon-13 natural abundance. Soil Science Society of  America Journal 63(3): 584-591.   PDF

Paul, E.A., D. Harris, H.P. Collins, U. Schulthess, and G.P. Robertson. 1999. Evolution of CO2 and soil carbon dynamics in biologically managed, row-crop agroecosystems. Applied Soil Ecology 11(1):53-65.   PDF

Paul, E.A., D. Harris, M.J. Klug, and R.W. Ruess. 1999. The determination of microbial biomass. In: Standard soil methods for long-term ecological research. G.P. Robertson, C.S. Bledsoe, D.C. Coleman, and P. Sollins (eds.). Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 291-316.  PDF

Sollins, P., C. Glassman, E.A. Paul, C. Swanston, K. Lajtha, J. Heil, and E.T. Elliott. 1999. Soil carbon and nitrogen pools and fractions. In: Standard Soil Methods for Long-Term Ecological Research. G.P. Robertson, C.S. Bledsoe, D.C. Coleman, and P. Sollins, (eds.). Oxford University Press, New York, NY. pp. 89-105.   PDF