Global Litter Invertebrate
Institute of Ecology and Evolution of RAS
Leninsky prospect 33
Telephone: (+7) 0951 359816
Fax: (+7) 0959 545534
Central Chernozem Reserve
Telephone/fax: (+7) 0712 577294
The Reserve was founded in
1935 as a place for livestock grazing and timber harvesting.
The site has not been used for agriculture. Consequently
it is an area rich in plant species and diversity (up to
80 species per 1 square meter). Current research focuses
on monitoring biodiversity and productivity. Topics vary
from plant diversity, forest production, vertebrate composition,
mammal and bird population dynamics to litter decomposition
studies (soil respiration and proteolysis, entomological
and oribatid mites, soil water regimes, and climatology
studies). Fire suppression is a management priority of
The site is located in the
Russian Federation of the Kursk region. Coordinates
are 51°34'N and 36°05'E.
The site area is 2500 ha.
Site elevation is from 230-263
Annual rainfall is 570-600
mm (70% of the total precipitation is rainfall and 30%
is snowfall). (Data)
Mean annual temperature is
5.3°C (mean January temperature is -9°C and mean
June temperature is +18.7°C). (Data)
Soil type is chernozem power
soil, rich in nutrients. Humus content is up to 13%;
nitrogen is 0.54%; available phosphorus is 0.08 mg/kg;
available potassium is 0.13 mg/kg in 40 cm - upper soil
layer; pH under grasslands is 6.4-7.0, under forest is
Native vegetation types are
oak forests and meadow steppes.
Ecoregion is forest-steppe,
bordering between European decidious forests and grasslands.