Global Litter Invertebrate
Biosphere Reserve in South Bohemia, Czech
Dr. Marcela Kovarova
Institute of Botany
Academy of Sciences
252 43 Pruhonice
This GLIDE site is located at the southwestern part of Bohemia,
Czech Republic, on the boundaries with Austria and Germany.
The mountains belong to the Hercynic central european mountains
with the highest mount on the German territory (Grosser Arber,
1456 m above sea level). They are mostly built up by acid
bedrocks (mica, schists, and granite). The climate in the
lower part of the _umava (about 1200 m above sea level) where
the GLIDE experimental site is situated is moderately cold
and humid. The vegetation is composed of climax spruce forests.
The plant communities and soil biota of the studied area
were extensively studied in the last years in a joint botanical
and soil zoological grant project.
Site location is in the Czech Republic, South Bohemia, 13°45-
13° 46E and 48° 97- 48° 98N.
Site area is 10 kilometers squared.
Site elevation is 1205-1255 m above sea level.
Annual rainfall is 1486-1200 mm.
Annual temperature is 3.7° - 5.1° C.
Soil type is mountain brunisols with moder humus form.
Native Forest/Vegetation Types
Native vegetation is mountain climax spruce forest Calamagrostio
Principal biome is central european mountain taiga
Photo courtesy of Marcela Kovarova