Lake Husted in Rocky Mountain National Park

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Advani, S. 2005. Soil respiration responses to fertilization: a comparison of two forests with different nitrogen deposition histories. M.S. Thesis, Graduate Degree Program in Ecology, Colorado State University. 40 pp.

Allen, J. 2017. The effects of long term nitrogen fertilization on forest soil respiration in a subalpine ecosystem in Rocky Mountain National Park. M.S. Thesis, Graduate Degree Program in Ecology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, 40 pp.

Allstott, E.J., 1995. Quality Assurance Report, Loch Vale Watershed Study, 1991-1994. Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO. 80523. 22 pp.

Allstott, E.J., M.Bashkin, and J.S. Baron. 1999. Loch Vale Watershed Project Quality Assurance Report: 1995-1998: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 99-111. Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523. 48 pp.

Allstott, E.J., J.S. Baron, J.A. Botte. 2000. Loch Vale Watershed Project Methods Manual 2000. 70 pp.

Anderson, L., M. Berkelhammer, and M. A. Mast. 2015. Isotopes in North American Rocky Mountain snowpack 1993–2014. Quaternary Science Reviews. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.03.023

Arnett, H. A., J. E. Saros, and M. A. Mast. 2012. A caveat regarding diatom-inferred nitrogen concentrations in oligotrophic lakes. Journal of Paleolimnology 47(2):277–291.

Arthur, M.A. and T.J. Fahey. 1989. Mass and nutrient content of decaying boles in an Engelmann spruce - subalpine fir forest, Rocky Mountain National Park. Can. J. For. Res. 20:730-737.

Arthur, M.A. 1990. The effects of vegetation on watershed biogeochemistry at Loch Vale Watershed, Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. Ph.D. Dissertation, Cornell University, Ithaca NY.

Arthur, M.A. and T.J. Fahey. 1992. Biomass and nutrients in a Picea englemannii/Abies lasiocarpa forest in north-central Colorado: pools, annual production, and nutrient cycling. Can. J. For. Res. 22:315-325.

Arthur, M.A. and T.J. Fahey. 1993. Controls on soil solution chemistry in a subalpine forest in north-central Colorado. Soil Science Society of America Journal 57:1122-1130.

Arthur, M.A. and T.J. Fahey. 1993. Throughfall chemistry in an Engelmann spruce, subalpine fir forest in north-central Colorado. Can. J. For. Resear. 23:738-742.

Bachmann, S.A. 1994. Hydrology of a subalpine wetland complex in Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. M.S. Thesis, Colorado State University.

Back, J.A. 1992. Stable isotopes as tracers of hydrologic sources to three alpine lakes, Rocky Mountain National Park. M.S. Thesis, Colorado State University.

Balk, B., K. Elder, and J. Baron. 1998. Estimating the spatial distribution of snow water equivalence in a mountain watershed using geostatistical methods. Pp. 100-111 in: C.R. Troendle, ed. Western Snow Conference Proceedings, Snowbird, UT. April 1998.

Balk, B. 1999. Statistical methods for spatial modeling of snow distribution in a Colorado Front Range watershed M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Earth Resources, Colorado State University. 236 pp.

Balk, B. and K. Elder. 2000. Combining binary decision tree and geostatistical methods to estimate snow distribution in a mountain watershed. Water Resources Research 36:13-26.

Baron, J. 1983. Comparative water chemistry of four lakes in Rocky Mountain National Park. Wat. Res. Bull. 19:897-902.

Baron, J. and P.M. Walthall. 1985. The nature of precipitation, soil and surface water chemistry in a subalpine ecosystem. ch. 42, pp. 497-509 in: D.E. Caldwell, J.A. Brierly and C.L. Brierly, eds. PLANETARY ECOLOGY. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company. New York.

Baron, J., D.R. Beeson, S.A. Zary, P.M. Walthall, W.L. Lindsay and D.M. Swift. 1985. Long-term research into the effects of atmospheric deposition in Rocky Mountain National Park; summary report 1980-1984. NPS Technical Report 84-ROMO-2. 43 pp.

Baron, J., S.A. Norton, D.R. Beeson and R. Herrmann. 1986. Sediment diatom and metal stratigraphy from Rocky Mountain lakes with special reference to atmospheric deposition. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 43:1350-1362.

Baron, J. and O.P. Bricker. 1987. Hydrologic and chemical flux in Loch Vale Watershed, Rocky Mountain National Park. pp. 141-156 in: R.C. Averett and D. McKnight eds. CHEMICAL QUALITY OF WATER AND THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE. Lewis Publishers. Ann Arbor, MI.

Baron, J. 1990. Findings from ecological research program. in: Highlights of Natural Resources Management. Natural Resources Programs, Natural Resources Report NPS/NRPO/NRR-90/02. National Park Service.

Baron, J.S., 1991. Surface water dynamics and biogeochemical fluxes of Loch Vale Watershed, Colorado. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Range Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 122 pp.

Baron, J. ed. 1992. Biogeochemistry of a subalpine ecosystem: Loch Vale Watershed. Ecological Study Series #90. Springer-Verlag, New York.

Baron J., R.A. Pielke, W.J. Parton, D.S. Ojima, T.B. Kirchner, S.W. Running, and T.G.F. Kittel. 1992. Dynamic land surface/atmosphere parameterization for the South Platte River drainage. pp. 273-283 in: R.Herrmann, ed.: Am. Water Resour. Assoc. Symposium Proceedings: Managing Water Resources During Global Change.

Baron, J., McKnight, D.M., and A.S. Denning. 1992. Sources of dissolved and suspended organic carbon in Loch Vale Watershed, Rocky Mountain National Park, USA. Biogeochemistry 15:89-110.

Baron, J. and A. S. Denning. 1993. The influence of mountain meteorology on precipitation chemistry at low and high elevations of the Colorado Front Range, USA. Atmos. Environ. 27A:2337-2349.

Baron, J., D.S. Ojima, E.A. Holland, and W.J. Parton. 1994. Nitrogen consumption in high elevation Rocky Mountain tundra and forest and implications for aquatic systems. Biogeochemistry 27:61-82.

Baron, J., R. Pielke, B. Parton, L. Band, and S. Running. 1994. Dynamic land surface/atmospheric parameterization at different spatial scales in the Colorado Rocky Mountains. pp. 34-36 in: P.H. Gleick, A. Rango, and K. Cooley, eds., Proceedings of a workshop on the use of hydrological models for evaluating the impacts of climate change in snowmelt water supply basins, Santa Fe, NM 1993. Pacific Institute for Studies in Development, Environment, and Security, Oakland, CA 94612. 54 pp.

Baron, J.S., E.J. Allstott, and B.K. Newkirk. 1995. Analysis of long term sulfate and nitrate budgets in a Rocky Mountain basin. pp. 255-262 in: K.A. Tonnesson, M.W. Williams, and M. Tranter, eds. Biogeochemistry of seasonally snow-covered catchments. IASH Publication No 228: International Association of Hydrologic Sciences Press, Institute of Hydrology, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, OX10 8BB, UK.

Baron, J.S., and D.H. Campbell. 1997. Nitrogen fluxes in a high elevation Rocky Mountain basin. Hydrologic Processes 11:783-799.

Baron, J.S., D.S. Ojima, M.D. Hartman, T.G.F. Kittel, R.B. Lammers, L.E. Band, and R.A. Pielke, Sr. 1997. The influence of land cover and temperature change on hydrological and ecosystem dynamics in the South Platte River basin. Pp. 279-286 in: J.J. Warwick, ed. Proceedings of AWRA/UCOWR Symposium on Water Resources Education, Training, and Practice: Opportunities for the Next Century. AWRA, Herndon, VA, TPS-97-1, 988 pp.

Baron, J.S., M.D. Hartman, L.E. Band, and R.L. Lammers. 1998. Sensitivity of high elevation Rocky Mountain watersheds to climate change. Pp. 269-273 in: Proceedings of the Fifth National Watershed Conference, Reno NV, May 1997.

Baron, J.S., M.D. Hartman, T.G.F. Kittel, L.E. Band, D.S. Ojima, and R.B. Lammers. 1998. Effects of land cover, water redistribution, and temperature on ecosystem processes in the South Platte Basin. Ecol. Appl. 8:1037-1051.

Baron, J., and J. Turk. 1998. Aquatic ecosystems. Pp. 4-18 in: Haddow, D., R. Musselman, T, Blett, R. Fisher, tech. Coords. Guidelines for evaluating air pollution impacts on wilderness within the Rocky Mountain Region: report of a workshop, 1990. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-4. Fort Collins, CO US. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, 31 p.

Baron, J.S., and N. Caine. 2000. The temporal coherence of two alpine lake basins of the Colorado Front Range, USA. Freshwater Biology 43: 463-476.

Baron, J.S., D.M. Theobald, and D.B. Fagre. 2000. Management of land use conflicts in the United States Rocky Mountains. Mountain Research and Development 20:24-27.

Baron, J.S., M. Hartman, L.E. Band, and R. Lammers. 2000. Sensitivity of a high elevation Rocky Mountain watershed to altered climate and CO2. Water Resources Research, 36:89-99.

Baron, J.S., and M.W. Williams. 2000. Preface to special section: recent Loch Vale Watershed research. Water Resources Research 36:11-12.

Baron, J.S., H.M. Rueth, A.M. Wolfe, K.R. Nydick, E.J. Allstott, J.T. Minear, and B. Moraska. 2000. Ecosystem Responses to Nitrogen Deposition in the Colorado Front Range. Ecosystems 3: 352-368.

Baron, J.S. 2001. Lessons learned from long-term ecosystem research and monitoring in alpine and subalpine basins of the Colorado Rocky Mountains, USA.. Ekológia (Bratislava) 20, Supplement 2:25-30.

Baron, J.S. ed. 2002. Rocky Mountain Futures: An Ecological Perspective. Island Press, Washington. 325pp.

Baron, J.S., K.R. Nydick, H.M. Rueth, B.M. Lafrancois, and A.P. Wolfe. 2003. High elevation ecosystem responses to atmospheric deposition of nitrogen in the Colorado Rocky Mountains, USA. Global Change and Mountain Regions: A State of Knowledge Overview. Ulli M. Huber, Harald K.M. Bugmann, and M.A. Reasoner, eds. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. In press.

Baron, J.S., J.A. Botte, and R. Shory, 2004. Effects of Atmospheric Nitrogen Deposition on High Elevation Colorado Forests. pp. 10-14 in: Warren R. Keammerer and Jeffrey Todd, eds. Proceedings, HIGH ALTITUDE REVEGETATION WORKSHOP NO. 16. Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, March 3-5, 2004.

Baron, J.S., S. Del Grosso, D.S. Ojima, D.M. Theobald, and W.J. Parton. 2004. Nitrogen emissions along the Colorado Front Range: Response to population growth, land and water use change, and agriculture. Ecosystems and Land Use Change, Geophysical Monograph Series 153: 117-127.

Baron, J.S., K.R. Nydick, H.M. Rueth, B.M. Lafrancois, and A.P. Wolfe. 2005. High elevation ecosystem responses to atmospheric deposition of nitrogen in the Colorado Rocky Mountains, USA. Global Change and Mountain Regions: A State of Knowledge Overview. Pp. 429-436 in: Ulli M. Huber, Harald K.M. Bugmann, and M.A. Reasoner, eds. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Baron, J.S. 2006. Hindcasting nitrogen deposition to determine an ecological critical load. Ecol. Appl. 16(2): 433-439.

Baron, J.S., D.L. Peterson, and J.T. Wilson. 2008.  Western Mountain Initiative: predicting ecosystem responses to climate change. USGS Fact Sheet 2008-3093, 2p. Click here to download.

Baron, J.S., C.D. Allen, E. Fleishman, L. Gunderson, D. McKenzie, L. Meyerson, J. Oropeza, and N. Stephenson. 2008. National Parks. In: Preliminary review of adaptation options for climate-sensitive ecosystems and resources. A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research [Julius, S.H., J.M. West (eds.), J.S. Baron, L.A. Joyce, B.D. Keller, M.A. Palmer, C.H. Peterson, and J.M. Scott (Authors)]. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 4-1 to 4-68.

Baron, J.S. 2008. Interactions between atmospheric nitrogen deposition and climate change in the Colorado Front Range.  Talking points editorial for environmentalresearchweb.org.

Baron, J. 2009. Strategies for Public Land Management for Adaptation to Climate Change.  In: Management Responses to Climate Variability.  Furniss, M.J.; Millar, C.I.; Peterson, D.L.; Joyce, L.A.; Neilson, R.P.; Halofsky, J.E.; Kerns, B.K. 2009. Adapting to Climate Change: A Short Course for Land Managers. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-789. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. Click here to download.  

Baron, J.S., T.W. Schmidt, M.D. Hartman.  2009. Climate-Induced Changes in High Elevation Stream Nitrate Dynamics.  Global Change Biology 15:1777-1789. 

Baron, J.S., T.M. Schmidt, and M.D. Hartman. 2009. Climate-induced changes in high elevation stream nitrate dynamics. Global Change Biology 15: 1777-1789, doi: 10.111/j.1365-2486.2009.01847.x.

Baron, J. S., C. T. Driscoll, J. L. Stoddard, and E. E. Richer. 2011. Empirical critical loads of atmospheric nitrogen deposition for nutrient enrichment and acidification of sensitive US lakes. BioScience 61:602–613.

Baron, J. S., E. K. Hall, B. T. Nolan, J. C. Finlay, E. S. Bernhardt, J. A. Harrison, F. Chan, and E. W. Boyer. 2013. The interactive effects of excess reactive nitrogen and climate change on aquatic ecosystems and water resources of the United States. Biogeochemistry 114:71–92.

Baron, J. S., M. Barber, M. Adams, J. I. Agboola, E. B. Allen, W. J. Bealey, R. Bobbink, M. V Bobrovsky, W. D. Bowman, C. Branquinho, M. M. C. Bustamente, C. M. Clark, E. C. Cocking, C. Cruz, E. Davidson, O. T. Denmead, T. Dias, N. B. Dise, A. Feest, J. N. Galloway, L. H. Geiser, F. S. Gilliam, I. J. Harrison, L. G. Khanina, X. Lu, E. Manrique, R. O. Hueso, J. P. H. B. Ometto, R. Payne, T. Scheuschner, L. J. Sheppard, G. L. Simpson, Y. V Singh, C. J. Stevens, I. Strachan, H. Sverdrup, N. Tokuchi, H. van Dobben, and S. Woodin. 2014. The effects of atmospheric nitrogen deposition on terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity. Pages 465–480 in M. A. Sutton, K. E. Mason, L. J. Sheppard, H. Sverdrup, R. Haeuber, and W. K. Hicks, editors. Nitrogen Deposition, Critical Loads and Biodiversity SE - 49. Springer Netherlands.

Benedict, K. B. 2012. Observations of atmospheric reactive nitrogen species and nitrogen deposition in the Rocky Mountains. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, 359 pp.

Benedict, K. B., C. M. Carrico, S. M. Kreidenweis, B. Schichtel, W. C. Malm, and J. L. Collett Jr. 2013. A seasonal nitrogen deposition budget for Rocky Mountain National Park. Ecological Applications 23:1156–1169.

Bigelow, D.S., A.S. Denning, and J. Baron. 1990. Differences between Nipher and Alter-shielded Universal Belfort precipitation gages at two Colorado deposition monitoring sites. Environ. Sci. and Technol. 24:758-760.

Binkley, D., D.M. Kashian, S. Boyden, M.W. Kaye, J.B. Bradford, M.A. Arthur, P.J. Fornwalt, and M.G. Ryan. 2006. Patterns of growth dominance of forests in the Rocky Mountains, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 236:193-201.

Bonan, G. B., M. D. Hartman, W. J. Parton, and W. R. Wieder. 2013. Evaluating litter decomposition in earth system models with long‐term litterbag experiments: an example using the Community Land Model version 4 (CLM4). Global Change Biology 19:957–974.

Boot, C. M., E. K. Hall, K. Denef, and J. S. Baron. 2016. Long-term reactive nitrogen loading alters soil carbon and microbial community properties in a subalpine forest ecosystem. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 92:211–220.

Botte, J.A., and J.S. Baron. 2004. Quality Assurance Report, Loch Vale Watershed, 1999-2002. USGS Open-File Report 2004-1306. 17 pp.

Botte, J.A., and J.S. Baron. 2004. Loch Vale Watershed Project Methods Manual 2004. Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, 79pp.

Botte, J.A., and J.S. Baron. 2005. Loch Vale/Fraser Nitrogen Fertilization Experiment Methods 2005. 11pp.

Bowman, W.D., C.C. Cleveland, L. Halada, J. Hreško, and J.S. Baron. 2008. Negative impact of nitrogen deposition on soil buffering capacity. Nature GeoSciences 1:767-770. doi:10.1038/ngeo339.

Bowman, W. D., J. S. Baron, L. H. Geiser, M. E. Fenn, and E. A. Lilleskov. 2011. 8 NORTHWESTERN FORESTED MOUNTAINS. Assessment of nitrogen deposition effects and empirical critical loads of nitrogen for ecoregions of the United States. General Technical Report NRS-80 Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station, 291 pp.

Bricker, S. B., F. T. Mackenzie, J. S. Baron, and J. R. Price. 2014. Preface to Owen P. Bricker III Special Issue of Aquatic Geochemistry. Aquatic Geochemistry 20:81–86.

Brock, C.L. 1997. Sulfur isotope methods as an approach to sulfur dynamics in a subalpine wetland, Loch Vale Watershed. M.S. Thesis. Department of Earth Resources, Colorado State University. 66 pp.

Burkett, V.R., D.A. Wilcox, R. Stottlemyer, W. Barrow, D. Fagre, J. Baron, J. Price, J.L. Nielsen, C.Allen, D.L. Peterson, G. Ruggerone, T. Doyle. 2005. Nonlinear dynamics in ecosystem response to climatic change: Case studies and policy implications. Ecological Complexity 2:357-394.

Burns, D.A. 2002. The effects of atmospheric nitrogen deposition in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado and Southern Wyoming - a synthesis and critical assessment of published results. Water-resources-investigations report 02-4066, U.S. Geological Survey, Troy New York.

Burns, D.A. 2003. The effects of atmospheric nitrogen deposition in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado and southern Wyoming, USA-- a critical review. Environmental Pollution 127: 257-269, U.S. Geological Survey, Troy, New York.

Burns, D. A., M. E. Fenn, J. S. Baron. 2012. Effects of acid deposition on ecosystems: advances in the state-of-the-science. Chapter 3, pp. 45-70 in D. A. Burns, Lead Author, National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program Report to Congress 2011: an integrated assessment. Report to Congress, U.S. Office of Science and Technology Policy. 132 pp.

Campbell, D.H., D.W. Clow, G.P. Ingersoll, M.A. Mast, N.E. Spahr, and J.T. Turk. 1995. Temporal variations in the chemistry of 2 snowmelt-dominated streams in the Rocky Mountains. Wat. Resour. Resear. 31:2811-2822.

Campbell, D.H., D.W.Clow, G.P. Ingersoll, M.A. Mast, N.E. Spahr, and J.T. Turk. 1995. Nitrogen deposition and release in alpine watersheds, Loch Vale, Colorado, USA. pp. 243-254 in: K.A. Tonnesson, M.W. Williams, and M. Tranter, eds. Biogeochemistry of seasonally snow-covered catchments. IASH Publication No 228: International Association of Hydrologic Sciences Press, Institute of Hydrology, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, OX10 8BB, UK.

Campbell, D.H., J.S. Baron, K. Tonnessen, P. Brooks, and P. Schuster. 2000. Controls on nitrogen flux in alpine/subalpine watersheds. Water Resources Research 36:37-48.

Campbell, D.H., C. Kendall, C.C.Y. Chang, S.R. Silva, K.A. Tonnessen. 2002. Pathways for nitrate release from an alpine watershed: Determination using *15N and *18O. Water Resources Research 38:10.1029/2001WR000294.

Chase, T.N., R.A. Pielke, Sr., T.G.F. Kittel, J. S. Baron, and T.J. Stohlgren, 1999. Potential impacts on Rocky Mountain weather and climate due to land use changes in the adjacent Great Plains. Jour. Geophys. Resear. 104, D14: 16,673-16,690.

Clements, S. 2001. Spatial and temporal variations of bulk snow properties and stream water chemistry in an alpine/subalpine watershed, Rocky Mountain National Park. M.S. Thesis, Colorado State University Department of Earth Resources. 314 pp.

Cline, D.W. 1994. Modeling the spatial distribution and temporal patterns of alpine and subalpine snowmelt. Proceedings of the 1993 Eastern/Western Snow Conference.

Cline, D. 1995. Snow surface energy exchanges and snowmelt at a continental alpine site. Biogeochemistry of Seasonally Snow-Covered Catchments, IAHS Publ. No. 228, pp. 157-166.

Cline, D.W. 1995. Studies supporting the development of spatially distributed, physically based snowmelt models for continental alpine areas. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Colorado Department of Geography.

Cline, D.W. 1997. Effect of seasonality of snow accumulation and melt on snow surface energy exchanges at a continental alpine site. J. Appl. Meteor. 36: 32-51.

Cline, D.W. 1997. Snow surface energy exchanges and snowmelt at a continental, midlatitude alpine site. Wat. Resour. Resear. 33: 689-701.

Clow, D.W. 1992. Weathering rates from field and laboratory experiments on naturally-weathered soils. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Wyoming, Laramie.

Clow, D.W. and M.A. Mast. 1995. Composition of precipitation, bulk deposition, and runoff at a granitic bedrock catchment in the Loch Vale Watershed. pp. 235-242 in: K.A. Tonnesson, M.W. Williams, and M. Tranter, eds. Biogeochemistry of seasonally snow-covered catchments. IAHS Publication No 228: International Association of Hydrologic Sciences Press, Institute of Hydrology, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, OX10 8BB, UK.

Clow, D.W. and J.I. Drever. 1996. Weathering rates as a function of flow through an alpine soil. Chemical Geology 132: 131-141.

Clow, D.W., M.A. Mast, T.D. Bullen, and J.T. Turk. 1997. Strontium 87/strontium 86 as a tracer of mineral weathering reactions and calcium sources in an alpine/subalpine watershed, Loch Vale Colorado. Wat. Resour. Resear. 33: 1335-1351.

Clow, D.W. and J.K. Sueker. 2000. Relations between basin characteristics and stream-water chemistry in alpine/subalpine basins in Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. Water Resources Research 36:49-62.

Clow, D.W., J.O. Sickman, R.G. Striegl, D.B. Krabbenhoft, J.G. Elliott, M. Dornblaser, D.A. Roth, and D.H. Campbell. 2003. Changes in the chemistry of lakes and precipitation in high elevation national parks in the western United States, 1985-1999. Water Resources Research 39: 6: 1171, doi, 10.1029/2002wr001533.

Clow, D.W., L, Schrott, R. Webb, D.H. Campbell, A. Torizzo, and M. Dornblaser. 2003. Ground water occurrence and contributions to streamflow in an alpine catchment, Colorado Front Range. Ground Water 41(7): 937-950.

Clow, D.W. and M.A. Mast. 2010. Mechanisms for chemostatic behavior in catchments: Implications for CO2 consumption by mineral weathering. Chemical Geology 260: 40-51.

Clow, D.W. 2010. Changes in the timing of snowmelt and streamflow in Colorado: a response to recent warming. Journal of Climate 23: 2293-2306.

Clow, D. W., L. Nanus, K. L. Verdin, and J. Schmidt. 2012. Evaluation of SNODAS snow depth and snow water equivalent estimates for the Colorado Rocky Mountains, USA. Hydrological Processes 26:2583–2591.

Clow, D. W., H. A. Roop, L. Nanus, M. E. Fenn, and G. A. Sexstone. 2015. Spatial patterns of atmospheric deposition of nitrogen and sulfur using ion-exchange resin collectors in Rocky Mountain National Park, USA. Atmospheric Environment 101:149–157.

Clow, D.W., M.W. Williams, and P.F. Schuster. 2016. Increasing aeolian dust deposition to snowpacks in the Rocky Mountains inferred from snowpack, wet deposition, and aerosol chemistry. Atmospheric Environment 146:183–194.

Crawford, J. T., M. M. Dornblaser, E. H. Stanley, D. W. Clow, and R. G. Striegl. 2015. Source limitation of carbon gas emissions in high‐elevation mountain streams and lakes. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences. doi:10.1002/2014JG002861

Creed, I. F., A. T. Spargo, J. A. Jones, J. M. Buttle, M. B. Adams, F. D. Beall, E. G. Booth, J. L. Campbell, D. Clow, and K. Elder. 2014. Changing forest water yields in response to climate warming: results from long‐term experimental watershed sites across North America. Global Change Biology 20:3191–3208.

Das, B., R. D. Vinebrooke, A. Sanchez-Azofiefa, B. Rivard, and A.P. Wolfe. 2005. Inferring sedimentary chlorophyll concentrations with reflectance spectroscopy: a novel approach to reconstructing historical changes in the trophic status of mountain lakes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 62:1067-1078.

Denning, A.S. 1988. Quality assurance report, Loch Vale Watershed project, surface water chemistry 1982-1987.

Denning, A.S., J. Baron, M.A. Mast, and M.A. Arthur. 1991. Hydrologic pathways and chemical composition of runoff during snowmelt in Loch Vale Watershed, Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado USA. Wat. Air, Soil, Pollut. 59:107-123.

Drever, J.I., and Clow, D.W., 1996, Weathering rates in catchments; IN S. Brantley, and A. White (eds.), Chemical Weathering Rates of Silicate Minerals, Mineral. Soc. Am., Rev. Mineral., v. 31, pp. 463-483.

Dunn, S.T. 2017. Greenhouse gases in arctic and alpine streams: patterns, drivers, and responses to disturbance. Ph.D. Dissertation, Graduate Degree Program in Ecology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, 66 pp.

Edwards, R.L. 1991. Data Quality Report: 1989-1990, Loch Vale Watershed. Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins.

Elser, J.J., T. Anderson, J.S. Baron, A-K Bergström, M. Kyle, K.R. Nydick, L. Steger, D.O. Hessen. 2009. Shifts in lake N:P stoichiometry and nutrient limitation driven by atmospheric nitrogen deposition. Science 326: 835-837.

Elser, J.J., M. Kyle, L. Steger, K.R. Nydick, and J.S. Baron. 2009. Nutrient availability and phytoplankton nutrient limitation across a gradient of atmospheric nitrogen deposition. Ecology 90: 3062-3073.

Enders, S.K., M. Pagani, S. Pantoja, J.S. Baron, A.P. Wolfe, N. Pedentchouk, and L. Nuñez. 2008. Compound-specific stable isotopes of organic compounds from lake sediments track recent environmental changes in an alpine ecosystem, Rocky Mountain National Park (United States of America). Limnology and Oceanography 53(4): 1468-1478.

Fegel, T.S. 2016. Between a rock and a hard place: the chemistry, biology, and lability of glacial meltwaters in the American West. M.S. Thesis, Graduate Degree Program in Ecology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, 119 pp.

Fegel, T.S., J.S. Baron, A.G. Fountain, G.F. Johnson, and E.K. Hall. 2016. The differing biogeochemical and microbial signatures of glaciers and rock glaciers. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 121:2015JG003236.

Fenn, M.E., M. Poth, J.D. Aber, J.S. Baron, B.T. Bormann, D.W. Johnson, A.D. Lemly, S.G. McNulty, D.F. Ryan, and R. Stottlemyer. 1998. Nitrogen excess in North American ecosystems: a review of predisposing factors, geographic extent, ecosystem responses, and management strategies. Ecological Applications.8:706-733.

Fenn,M.E., R. Haeuber, G.S. Tonnesen, J.S. Baron, S Grossman-Clarke, D. Hope, D.A. Jaffe, S. Copeland, L. Geiser, H. M. Rueth, and J.O. Sickman. 2003. Nitrogen Emissions, Deposition and Monitoring in the Western United States. BioScience 53:391-403.

Fenn, M.E. J.S. Baron, E.B. Allen, H. M. Rueth, K.R. Nydick, L. Geiser, W.D. Bowman, J. O. Sickman, T.Meixner, and D. W. Johnson. 2003. Ecological Effects of Nitrogen Deposition in the Western United States. BioScience 53:404-420.
Gibson, J.H. and J. Baron. 1984. Acidic deposition in the Rocky Mountain region. pp. 29-42 in: T.A.Colbert and R.L. Cuany, eds. Proceedings: High-Altitude Revegetation Workshop No. 6. Information Series No. 53. Colorado Water Resources Research Institute. Colorado State University.

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Greaver, T. L., T. J. Sullivan, J. D. Herrick, M. C. Barber, J. S. Baron, B. J. Cosby, M. E. Deerhake, R. L. Dennis, J.-J. B. Dubois, C. L. Goodale, A. T. Herlihy, G. B. Lawrence, L. Liu, J. A. Lynch, and K. J. Novak. 2012. Ecological effects of nitrogen and sulfur air pollution in the US: what do we know? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10:365–372.

Greaver, T.L., C.M. Clark, J.E. Compton, D. Vallano, A.F. Talhelm, C.P. Weaver, L.E. Band, J.S. Baron, E.A. Davidson, C.L. Tague, E. Felker-Quinn, J.A. Lynch, J.D. Herrick, L. Liu, C.L. Goodale, K.J. Novak, and R.A. Haeuber. 2016. Key ecological responses to nitrogen are altered by climate change. Nature Climate Change 6:836–843.

Groffman, P.M., J.S. Baron, T. Blett, A.J. Gold, I. Goodman, L.H. Gunderson, B.M. Levinson, M.A. Palmer, H.W. Paerl, G.D. Peterson, N.L. Poff, D.W. Rajeski, J.F. Reynolds, M.G. Turner, K.C. Weathers, J. Wiens. 2006. Ecological thresholds: the key to successful environmental management, or an important concept with no practical application? Ecosystems, in press.

Hartman, M.D., J.S. Baron, and D.S. Ojima. 1995. Simulations of snow distribution and hydrology in a mountain basin. GPAC workshop proceedings in computer applications in water management.

Hartman, M.D., J. Baron, R.B. Lammers, D. Cline, L.E. Band, G.L. Liston, and C. Tague. 1999. Simulations of snow distribution and hydrology in a mountain basin. Water Resources Research 35:1587-1603.

Hartman, M.D., J.S. Baron, and D.S. Ojima. 2007. Application of a coupled ecosystem-chemical equilibrium model, DayCent-Chem, to stream and soil chemistry in an alpine watershed.  Ecological Modeling 200: 493-510.

Hartman, M.D., J.S. Baron, D.W. Clow, I.S. Creed, C.T. Driscoll, H. Ewing, B.D. Haines, K. Lajtha, J. Knoepp, H. van Migroet, D.S. Ojima, W.J. Parton, J. Renfro, B. Robinson, K. Weathers, and M.W. Williams. 2009. DayCent-Chem Simulations of Ecological and  Biogeochemical Processes of Eight Mountain Ecosystems in the United States. USGS Scientific Investigations Report SIR 2009-5150. Click here to download.

Hartman, M., J. Baron, H. Ewing, and K. Weathers. 2014. Combined global change effects on ecosystem processes in nine U.S. topographically complex areas. Biogeochemistry 119:85–108.

Hastings, B. 2012. Comparison of digital terrain and field-based channel derivation methods in a subalpine catchment, Front Range, Colorado. M.S. Thesis, Department of Ecosystem Science and Sustainability, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, 119 pp.

Hastings, B. E., and S. K. Kampf. 2014. Evaluation of digital channel network derivation methods in a glaciated subalpine catchment. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 39:1790–1802.

Hauer, R., J.S. Baron, D.H. Campbell, K.D. Fausch, S.W. Hostettler, G.H. Leavesley, P.R. Leavitt, D.M. McKnight, and J.A. Stanford. 1997. Assessment of climate change and freshwater ecosystems of the Rocky Mountains, U.S. and Canada. Hydrol. Proc. 11:903-924.

Heath, J., and J. S. Baron. 2014. Climate, not atmospheric deposition, drives the biogeochemical mass-balance of a mountain watershed. Aquatic Geochemistry 20:167–181.

Heit, M., R. Klusek and J. Baron. 1984. Evidence of deposition of anthropogenic pollutants in remote Rocky Mountain lakes. Water, Air, Soil Poll. 22:403-416.

Henn, B., M. S. Raleigh, A. Fisher, and J. D. Lundquist. 2013. A comparison of methods for filling gaps in hourly near-surface air temperature data. Journal of Hydrometeorology 14:929–945.

Hobbs, R.J., S. Arico, J. Aronson, J.S. Baron, P. Bridgewater, V.A. Cramer, P.R. Epstein, J.J. Ewel, C. A. Klink, A E. Lugo, D. Norton, D. Ojima, D.M. Richardson, E.W. Sanderson, F. Valladares, M. Vilà, R. Zamora, and M. Zobel. 2006. Novel ecosystems: theoretical and management aspects of the new ecological world order.  Global Ecology and Biogeography 15: 1-7. 

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Huang Jian-hui, J. Baron, and D. Binkley. 1996. The contribution of wetlands to stream nitrogen load in the Loch Vale Watershed, Colorado, USA. Acta Phytoecologia Sinica 20: 289-302.

Ingersoll, G.P. 1995. Estimating snowmelt contribution to the seasonal water balance in a small alpine watershed. M.S. Thesis, University of Colorado Department of Geography.

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Ingersoll, G.P., M.A. Mast, D.W. Clow, L. Nanus, D.H. Campbell, and H. Handran. 2003. Rocky Mountain Snowpack Chemistry at Selected Sites for 2001. USGS Open-File Report OFR 03-48.

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Mast, M.A. 1989. A laboratory and field study of chemical weathering with special reference to acid deposition. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Wyoming, Laramie.

Mast, M.A., J.I. Drever, and J. Baron. 1990. Chemical weathering in The Loch Vale Watershed, Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. Wat. Res. Resear. 26: 2871-2978.

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Mast, M.A., J.T. Turk, G.P. Ingersoll, D.W. Clow, and C.L. Kester. 2001. Use of stable sulfur isotopes to identify sources of sulfate in Rocky Mountain snowpacks. Atmospheric Environment 35: 3303-3313.

Mast, M.A., D.H. Campbell, D.P. Krabbenhoft, and H.E. Taylor. 2005. Mercury transport in a high-elevation watershed in Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 161:21-42.

Mast, M.A., W.T. Foreman, and S.W. Skaates. 2007. Current-Use Pesticides and Organochlorine Compounds in Precipitation and Lake Sediment from Two High-Elevation National Parks in the Western United States. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 52: 294–305.

Mast, M. A., D. W. Clow, J. S. Baron, and G. A. Wetherbee. 2014. Links between N deposition and nitrate export from a high-elevation watershed in the Colorado Front Range. Environmental Science & Technology 48:14258–14265.

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McKnight, D., C. Miller, R. Smith, J. Baron and S. Spaulding. 1988. Phytoplankton populations in lakes in Loch Vale, Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado: sensitivity to acidic conditions and nitrate enrichment. U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report 88-4115, Denver, CO. 102 pp.

McKnight, D.M., R.L. Smith, J.P. Bradbury, J. Baron, and S.A. Spaulding. 1990. Phytoplankton dynamics in three Rocky Mountain lakes, Colorado, USA. Arc. Alp. Resear. 22:264-274.

McKnight, D.M., R. Harnish, R.L. Wershaw, J.S. Baron, and S. Schiff. 1997. Chemical characteristics of particulate, colloidal, and dissolved organic material in Loch Vale Watershed, Rocky Mountain National Park. Biogeochemistry 36:99-124.

McLaughlin, P.W. 1988. The effect of storm trajectory on precipitation chemistry in Rocky Mountain National Park. M.S. Thesis. Colorado State University. 70 pp.

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Meixner, T., R.C. Bales, M.W. Williams, D.H. Campbell, and J.S. Baron. 2000. Stream chemistry modeling of two watersheds in the Front Range, Colorado. Water Resources Research 36: 77-88.

Menounos, B. 1996. A Holocene debris-flow chronology for an alpine catchment, Colorado Front Range. M.A. Thesis, University of Colorado, Boulder. 160 p.

Menounos, B. 1997. The water content of lake sediments and its relationship to other physical parameters: an alpine case study. The Holocene 7: 207-212.

Menounos, B. 1997. Evidence for cirque glaciation in the Colorado Front Range during the Younger Dryas chronozone. Quat. Resear. 48: 38-47.

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Moraska Lafrançois, B., D.M. Carlisle, K.R. Nydick, B.M. Johnson, and J.S. Baron. 2003. Environmental characteristics and benthic invertebrate assemblages in Colorado mountain lakes. Western North American Naturalist 63: 137-154.

Moraska Lafrancois, B., K.R. Nydick, B.M. Johnson, and J.S. Baron. 2004. Cumulative effects of nutrients and pH on the plankton of two mountain lakes. Can. Jour. Fish. Aquat. Sciences 61: 1153-1165.

Morris, K., M. A. Mast, G. A. Wetherbee, J. S. Baron, C. Taipale, T. Blett, D. Gay, and E. Richer. 2011. 2009 monitoring and tracking wet nitrogen deposition at Rocky Mountain National Park: September 2011. Natural Resource Report. NPS/NRSS/ARD/NRR—2011/442. National Park Service, Natural Resource Stewardship and Science. Denver, CO, 36 pp.

Morris, K., M. A. Mast, G. A. Wetherbee, J. S. Baron, C. Taipale, T. Blett, D. Gay, and E. Richer. 2012. 2010 monitoring and tracking wet nitrogen deposition at Rocky Mountain National Park: August 2012. Natural Resource Report. NPS/NRSS/ARD/NRR—2012/562. National Park Service, Natural Resource Stewardship and Science. Denver, CO, 34 pp.

Morris, K., M. A. Mast, G. A. Wetherbee, J. S. Baron, C. Taipale, T. Blett, D. Gay, and J. Heath. 2013. 2011 monitoring and tracking wet nitrogen deposition at Rocky Mountain National Park: August 2013. Natural Resource Report. NPS/NRSS/ARD/NRR—2013/701. National Park Service, Natural Resource Stewardship and Science. Denver, CO, 34 pp.

Morris, K., M. A. Mast, G. A. Wetherbee, J. S. Baron, C. Taipale, T. Blett, D. Gay, and J. Heath. 2014. 2012 monitoring and tracking wet nitrogen deposition at Rocky Mountain National Park: January 2014. Natural Resource Report. NPS/NRSS/ARD/NRR—2014/757. National Park Service, Natural Resource Stewardship and Science. Denver, CO, 34 pp.

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Murdoch, P. S., M. McHale, and J. Baron. 2014. Reflections on a vision for integrated research and monitoring after 15 years. Aquatic Geochemistry 20:363–380.

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Norton, S.A, C.T. Hess, G.M. Blake, M.L. Morrison, and J. Baron. 1985. Excess unsupported 210Pb in lake sediment from Rocky Mountain lakes: a groundwater effect. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 42: 1249-1254.

Nydick, K.R. 2002. Mountain lake responses to elevated nitrogen deposition. Ph.D. Dissertation, Colorado State University, Fort Collins. 162 pp.

Nydick, K.R., B. Moraska Lafrancois, J.S. Baron, and B.M. Johnson. 2003. Lake-specific responses to elevated atmospheric nitrogen deposition in the Colorado Rocky Mountains, USA. Hydrobiologia, 510: 103-114.

Nydick, K.R., B. Moraska LaFrancois, and J.S. Baron. 2004. NO3 uptake in shallow, oligotrophic, mountain lakes: the influence of elevated NO3 concentrations. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 23(3): 397-415.

Nydick, K.R., B. Morasks LaFrancois, J.S. Baron, and B.M. Johnson. 2004. Nitrogen regulation of algal biomass, productivity, and composition in shallow mountain lakes, Snowy Range, Wyoming, USA. Can. Journ. Fish. Aquat. Sciences 61: 1256-1268.

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Rueth, H.M., and J.S. Baron. 2002. Differences in Engelmann spruce forest biogeochemistry east and west of the Continental Divide in Colorado, USA. Ecosystems 5: 45-57.

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