Publications and Reports Using the SAVANNA Model

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Coughenour, M. B. 1992. Spatial modeling and landscape characterization of an African pastoral ecosystem: a prototype model and its potential use for monitoring drought. pp. 787-810 in: D.H. McKenzie, D.E. Hyatt and V.J. McDonald (eds.). Ecological Indicators, Vol. I.  Elsevier Applied Science, London and New York.  coughenour_savanna_prototype_92.pdf

Ellis, J. E., M. B. Coughenour and D. M. Swift.  1993. Climate variability, ecosystem stability, and the implications for range and livestock development.  pp. 31-41 in R.H. Behnke Jr., I. Scoones and C. Kaven (eds.), Range Ecology at Disequilibrium: New Models of Natural Variability and Pastoral Adaptation in African Savannas. Overseas Development Institute, London. ellis_coughenour_climate_variability_93.pdf

Coughenour, M.B. 1993.  The SAVANNA Landscape Model - Documentation and Users Guide.  Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Ft. Collins, Colorado. manual_1993\modeldescription_plusfigs.pdf

Buckley, D.J., F. Schreiner, M. Coughenour, and C. Blyth. 1995. The Ecosystem Management Model: Integrating ecosystem simulation modeling and Arc/Info in Parks Canada. In: GIS and Environmental Modeling: Progress and Research Issues: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Integrating GIS and Ecological Modeling, Breckenridge, Colorado.

Coughenour, M.B. and F.J. Singer. 1996. Yellowstone elk population responses to fire - a comparison of landscape carrying capacity and spatial-dynamic ecosystem modeling approaches. pp. 169-180 in J. Greenlee (ed.), The Ecological Implications of Fire in Greater Yellowstone.  International Association of Wildland Fire. Fairfield, WA. coughenour_singer_fire_yellowstone_96.pdf

Ellis, J. and M. Coughenour. 1996. The Savanna Integrated Modeling System. Proceedings International Workshop on Sustainable Use of Rangelands and Desertification Control. Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. November 1996. ellis_coughenour_savanna_integrated_98.pdf

Kiker, G.A. 1998. Development and comparison of Savanna ecosystem models to explore the concept of carrying capacity. PhD. Thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.

Boone, R.B., N.T. Hobbs. 1999. Lines around fragments: effects of fencing on large herbivores. 2004. African Journal of Range and Forage Science.21:147-158. (pdf and Abstract via IngentaConnect); boone_hobbs_fragments__04.pdf

Coughenour, M.B. 2000. Ecosystem modeling of the Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range. Report to USGS. Biological Resources Division, National Park Service, and Bureau of Land  Management Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. 55 pp. + 100 Figs. (Externally reviewed). Pryor_Mtn_Wild_Horse_Range_2000\ report.pdf

Coughenour, M.B., R.Reid, and P. Thornton. 2000. The Savanna model - providing solutions for wildlife preservation and human development in East Africa and the Western United States, Press Release;  Integrated Modeling and Assessment of Livestock-Wildlife Interactions in East Africa (IMAS) Project, Backgrounder Research Paper.  Future Harvest, Washington D.C. Published on the WWW at; coughenour_providing_solutions_01.pdf

Peinetti, H.R. 2000. Riparian willow dynamics and their interaction with environmental and biological factors in the elk winter range of Rocky Mountain National Park (Colorado) - a multiscale analysis. PhD. Dissertation. Colorado State University, Ft. Collins.

Peinetti, H.R. and M.B. Coughenour. 2001. Willow population dynamics on the elk winter range of Rocky Mountain National Park: a simulation model-based assessment. Report to U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division and the U.S. National Park Service,  Rocky Mountain National Park. (Also in Pienetti, 2000).

Boone. R. and M. Coughenour (eds.) 2001. A System for Integrated Management and Assessment of East African Pastoral Lands. Final Report to the Global Livestock Collaborative Research Support Program, U.S. Agency for International Development, U. California, Davis. 168 pp.

Ludwig, J. A.., M. B. Coughenour, A.C. Liedloff, and R. Dyer. 2001. Modelling the resilience of Australian savanna systems to grazing impacts. Environment International 27:167-172. ludwig_australia_envir_int_01.pdf

Liedloff, A.C., M.B. Coughenour, J.A. Ludwig, and R. Dyer. 2001. Modelling the trade-off between fire and grazing in a tropical savanna landscape, northern Australia. Environment International 27: 173-180. liedloff_australia_envir_int_01.pdf

Coughenour, M., R. Boone, P. Thornton, R. Howe. 2001. Integrated modeling and assessment of changing pastoral ecosystems - experience in East Africa, and potential for application in Mongolia. Proceedings of the Conference on Pastoralism in Mongolia, Ulan Baatar, Mongolia. coughenour_integrated_assessments_01.pdf

Boone, R.B., M.B. Coughenour, K.A.Galvin, and J.E. Ellis. 2002 Addressing management questions for Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania, Using the Savanna Modeling System. Afric. J. Ecol. 40:1-14. (pdf and Abstract via Synergy); boone_ngorongoro_model_02.pdf

Weisberg, P., N. T. Hobbs, J. Ellis, M. Coughenour. 2002. An ecosystem approach to population management: alternatives for managing elk on ranges shared with cattle.  J. Environ. Mgmt.. 65:181-197. weisberg_owlmtn_envmgmt_02.pdf

Coughenour, M. 2002. Ecosystem Modeling in Support of the Conservation of Wild Equids - The Example of the Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range. In: Moehlman, Patricia D. (ed.). Equids: Zebras, Asses and Horses. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Equid Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 174 pp. coughenour_wild_equids_IUCN_02.pdf

Coughenour, M.B. 2002. Elk in the Rocky Mountain National Park Ecosystem - A Model-Based Assessment. Final Report to USGS Biological Resources Division, Ft. Collins, Colorado and U.S. National Park Service, Rocky Mtn. Nat. Park. 125 pp.  Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 116 Figs. (Externally reviewed). Rocky_Mtn_Nat_Pk_Elk_2002\RMNP_report_text.pdf

Thornton P.K., K.A. Galvin, and R.B. Boone. 2003. An agro-pastoral household model for the rangelands of East Africa. Agricultural Systems 76:601-622. (Abstract via Science Direct); thornton_et_al_PHEWS_03.pdf

Christensen, L. M. Coughenour, J. Ellis, Z. Chen. 2003. Sustainability of the typical steppe: model assessment of grazing on ecosystem state. Journal of Range Management 56: 319-327. christensen_JRM_03.pdf

Weisberg, P., M. Coughenour. 2003. Model-based assessment of aspen responses to elk herbivory in Rocky Mountain National Park, U.S.A. Environmental Management 32: 152-169. weisberg_aspen_envmgmt_03.pdf

Christensen, L. M. Coughenour, J. Ellis, Z. Chen. 2004. Vulnerability of typical steppe grassland systems to grazing and climate change. Climatic Change 63:351-368. christensen_climatic_change_04.pdf

Boone, R.B., K. Galvin, M. Coughenour, J. Hudson, P. Weisberg, C. Vogel and J. Ellis. 2004. Ecosystem modeling adds value to South African climate forecasts. Climatic Change 64:317-340. (Link to Abstract and pdf, via SpringerLink); boone_safrica_clim_change_04.pdf;

Thornton, P., K.m R.H. Fawcett, K.A. Galvin, R.B. Boone, J.W. Judson, C.H. Vogel. 2004. Evaluationg management options that use climate forecasts: modelling livestock production systems in the semi-arid zone of South Africa. Clim. Res. 26:33-42. (pdf and Abstract from Inter-Research); thornton_livestock_mgmt_climates_04.pdf

Coughenour, M.B. 2005. Plant Biomass  and Primary Production on Bison and Elk Ranges in  Yellowstone National Park - Data Synthesis and Ecosystem Modeling. Part 1 - Final Report to U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Bozeman, MT. 40 pp, 43 Figures, 27 Tables. Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. Yellowstone_Bison_Elk\Part1_vegetation_soils\part1_text_new.pdf

Coughenour, M.B. 2005. Interactions Between Grazing Herbivores and Herbaceous Vegetation on a Heterogeneous Landscape - Yellowstone National Park Part 2 - Final Report to U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Bozeman, MT. 24 pp., 31 Figures, 13 Tables. Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. Yellowstone_Bison_Elk\Part2_vegetation_grazing\part2_text.pdf

Coughenour, M.B. 2005. Bison and Elk in Yellowstone National Park - Linking Ecosystem, Animal Nutrition, and Population Processes. Part 3 - Final Report to U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Bozeman, MT. 29 pp. 39 Figures. 18 Tables.Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado.  Yellowstone_Bison_Elk\Part3_bison_elk_populations\part3_text.pdf

Coughenour, M.B. 2006. Ecosystem research and modeling in protected areas with large mammals - Yellowstone as a case study. Pp. 165-175 In: D. R. McCullough, K. Kaji and M. Yamanaka (eds.), Wildlife in Shiretoko and Yellowstone National Parks: Lessons in Wildlife Conservation from Two World Heritage Sites. Shiretoko Nature Foundation, Hokkaido, Japan. coughenour_shiritoko_english_05.pdf, coughenour_shiritoko_japanese_05.pdf

Galvin, K., P. Thornton, J. Roque de Pinho, J. Sunderland, R.Boone. 2006. Integrated modeling and its potential for resolving conflicts between conservation and peoiple in the rangelands of East Africa. Human Ecol. 34:155-183. (Link to Abstract and pdf, via SpringerLink); galvin_integratedmodels_06.pdf

Thornton, P.K., S.B. BurnSilver, R.B. Boone, and K.A. Galvin. 2006. Modelling the impacts of group ranch subdivision on agro-pastoral households in Kajiado, Kenya. Agricultural Systems 87:331-356. (Abstract and pdf via Elsevier Science Direct); thornton_et_al_Kajiado_PHEWS_06.pdf

Boone, R.B., K.A. Galvin, P.K. Thornton, D.M. Swift, and M.B. Coughenour. 2006. Cultivation and conservation in Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania. Human Ecology 34:809-828. (Link to Abstract and pdf, via SpringerLink); boone_cultivation_NCA_06.pdf

Weisberg, P., M. Coughenour, and H. Bugmann. 2006. Modelling of large herbivore - vegetation interactions in a landscape context. Chapter 12 in: Kjell Danell, R. Bergstrom, P. Duncan, and J. Pastor (eds.), Large Herbivore Ecology and Ecosystem Dynamics. Cambridge University Press. weisberg_bookchapter_06.pdf

Boone, R.B. and G. Wang. 2007. Cattle dynamics in African grazing systems under variable climate. Journal of Arid Environments 70:495-513. (Link to Abstract and and pdf, via ScienceDirect); boone_wang_cattle_dynamics_07.pdf

Peinetti, H.R., B. Baker, M. Coughenour. A beaver-willow ecosystem model finds stability, overcompensation, and mutualism. Submitted to Ecol. Appl., Aug. 2007. pienetti_beaver_willow_9_Feb_07.pdf

Last changed: September 24, 2007