Bill Parton

Haying production
Image of different crop management
Sunflower field
Image of large feedlot
Image of segmented land use


Google Scholar link 

Curriculum Vitae

William J. Parton, Jr.

Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory
Colorado State University
Fort Collins, CO 80523-1499
Phone: (970) 491-1987
Fax: (970) 491-1965


Meteorology B.S., 1966

University of Oklahoma Meteorology M.S., 1968

University of Oklahoma Meteorology Ph.D., 1972

Positions and Employment

1966-1968 Research Assistant and Teaching Assistant, University of Oklahoma
1968-1971 Special Instructor, University of Oklahoma
1971-1974 Postdoctoral Fellowship, Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory (NREL), Colorado State University
1974-1975 Postdoctoral Fellowship, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado
1975-1982 Research Associate, NREL, Colorado State University
1988-1989 Program Director, Division of Biotic Systems and Resources, Ecosystem Studies Program, National Science Foundation, Washington, DC 20550
1989-2001 Professor, Forest Rangeland and Watershed Stewardship Department, Colorado State University
2001-Present Professor Emeritus, Forest Rangeland and Watershed Stewardship Department, Colorado State University
1981-Present Senior Research Scientist, NREL, Colorado State University

Current Research Activities

One of my major research activities has been the development of a detailed plant physiologically base version of the DayCent model for forest and grassland systems. The new model (PhotoCent) is being used to simulate GPP, and NEP for forest, grassland and agricultural ecosystems. Data from the AMERIFLUX eddy covariance sites are being used to test the ability of PhotoCent to simulate GPP, NEP, and actual evapotranspiration for different grassland, cropland, and forest sites in the US. The new model includes a detailed representation of autotrophic and heterotrophic respiration which will allow us to advance our understanding about fraction of total soil respiration from live plant and microbial sources. I am using data from a multi-site forest C14 labeled litter experiment to help refine the estimate of soil organic matter pool turnover rates for the surface organic layer and mineral soil organic matter. Several of our current research projects are investigating the benefits of changing the structure of the Century soil organic matter model to reflect current knowledge about the impact of food webs, soil priming, and soil aggregation on soil organic matter dynamics. We are using advanced statistical techniques to parameterize complex ecosystem models and provide estimates of the uncertainty associated with model parameters and predicted ecosystem output variables. The newest research activity includes the development of the GrassCast model which is used to predict aboveground plant production for all of the Great Plains Counties starting in the spring with updates every two week during the growing season. The GrassCast forecasts are available on a website and use the DayCent model to simulate actual evapotranspiration which is highly correlated to plant production. Next year we hope to expand the GrassCast model for all of the grassland regions in Western US.

Other Experience and Professional Memberships

1984-86 NSF Ecosystem Panel
1988-90 NSF LTER Technology Transfer Committee Member
1990-94 SCOPE Grassland Modeling Committee Member
1992-94 EPA Climatic Change Review Committee Member
1994-98 GCTE Focus 1.4 Activity Leader
1994-98 NRC Committee on Geophysical & Environmental Data Member
1995-97 McMurdo Dry Valley LTER Advisory Committee Member
1995-00 Chair of the SCOPE Tree-Grass Interactions Committee
1995-00 LTER Cross Site Decomposition Committee Member
1997-99 Associate Editor for AMS Glossary of Meteorology
1998-00 ESA Finance Committee Member
1998-Present Member of the Ecological Society of America
2006-Present Co-leader of the Ecological Society of America Biofuel Committee
Other Past Associations: American Meteorology Society; Scientific Advisor for the TSBF Program; Associate Editor for Ecological Applications; Global Change Committee for Trace Gas and Nutrient Fluxes; Climate System Modeling Program Advisory Committee Member; Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystem (GCTE) Scientific Steering Committee Member; Chi Epsilon Pi; Sigma Xi


1997 Gamma Sigma Delta Research Award of Merit
1995-2000 Chair of the SCOPE Tree-Grass Interactions Committee
Jan. 2002 American Meteorology Society-Special Award as member of Glossary of Meteorology Editorial Team
2007 American Geophysical Union Fellow
2005-2008 Elected as Ecological Society of America Vice-President for Finance
2008-2011 Elected as Ecological Society of America Vice-President for Finance
2012 Ecological Society of America Fellow
2013 Review Committee for the CSIRO Land and Water Program
2015-2016 Resident Distinguished Ecologist, Colorado State University

Scientific, Technical, and Management Performance

Dr. Parton has worked extensively managing research projects during the last 30 years. He has been a PI or Co-PI on numerous projects funded by NSF, USDA, DOE, EPA, and NIH during that time period. He currently is the PI for a USDA/EPA Greenhouse Gas Inventory project, and a new USDA project funding the development of the GrassCast rangeland plant production model. He also works on a NSF funded project which is revising the DayCent model so that it can better represent the impact of microbes on soil organic matter dynamics. He just got funded under a DOE Biofuel Center grant to work on developing a new biofuel version of the DayCent model and has worked with the U. of Illinois on a Biofuel modeling project funded by BP during the last 10 years. He completed an NIH project a few years ago which was concerned with evaluating population and environmental impacts in the US Great Plains. The research results from the NIH project have led to the development of the new GrassCast model for predicting rangeland plant production for ranchers in the Great Plains.

Modeling Activities

  1. Development and web-based distribution of the widely used DayCent and CENTURY Ecosystem Models.
  2. Linking of the CENTURY Ecosystem Model with the RAMS Atmospheric Mesoscale Model.
  3. Linking of the CENTURY Agroecosystem Model with the ASM Economic Model.
  4. Use of the CENTURY and DayCent Models to simulate the impact of land use, and climatic changes on ecosystem dynamics at regional, national, and global scales.
  5. Development of the GrassCast model for predicting seasonal grassland plant production for the ranchers in the Great Plains.

Biofuel Activities

  1. Co-Chair of the Ecological Society of America BioFuel Environmental Impact Conference and Workshop, Washington DC, March 2008.
  2. Use of the DayCent Model to evaluate the impact of recent expansion of biofuel crops on net greenhouse gas fluxes for the US and the World (recent EPA project).
  3. Use of the DayCent Model to evaluate life-cycle net greenhouse gas fluxes for all the major US bioenergy cropping systems.



  • Predicting Grassland Plant Production in the Great Plains. NREL Seminar Series, Colorado State University
  • PDO and ENSO and Actual Evapotranspiration Controls on Great Plains Grassland Production. ESA Annual Meeting, Portland, OR.
  • Using Grass-Cast to Predict Growing Season Grassland Plant Production in the US Great Plains. NRCS Grass-Cast Workshop, North Dakota.  NRCS Grass-Cast Workshop, South Dakota.  AET Workshop, Fort Collins, Colorado. NRCS Grass-Cast Workshop, Nebraska.
  • Use of Grass-Cast Model to Forecast Grassland Plant Production for US Great Plains Ranchers. Queensland Department of Primary Industries, Brisbane, Australia.
  • Use of Biofuels to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the US. Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.
  • PDO and ENSO Anomalies Control Plant Production Across the US Great Plains. AGU Fall Meeting, New Orleans, LA.


  • Connection of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) to Mean Plant Production and Variability in the Great Plains. NCAR, Boulder, CO.
  • Potential to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Fluxes from Agriculture: DAYCENT Results and Recent Model Improvements. University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires Argentina .
  • Impact of PDO Sea Surface Temperatures on Great Plains Grassland Production. Boston, MA.
  • Correlation of Great Plains Plant Production and Climate on PDO/ENSO Cycles. QUT Brisbane, Australia.
  • Use of DayCent to Simulate Agricultural Management on GHG Emissions in Asia. Xining, China.
  • Connection of PDO/ENSO Sea Surface Temperatures to Plant Production and Climate in the Great Plains. CSU/NREL Seminar series Fort Collins, CO.
  • Linking DayCent to Land Surface Models and Connection of PDO/ENSO Patterns to Great Plains Ecosystem Dynamics. AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA.

Publications (1995-2019)

  • Adamsen, F.J., W.J. Parton, and S.R. Bennett. 1995. A cuvette design for field and laboratory measurement of water and ammonia flux from soils in a shortgrass prairie. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 26(5&6):813-830.
  • Hall, D.O., D.S. Ojima, W.J. Parton, and J.M.O. Scurlock. 1995. Response of temperate and tropical grasslands to CO2 and climate change.  Journal of Biogeography 22:537-547.
  • Kittel, T. G. F., N.A. Rosenbloom, T.H. Painter, D.S. Schimel, J.M. Melillo, Y.D. Pan, D.W. Kicklighter, A.D. McGuire, R.P. Neilson, J. Chaney, D.S. Ojima, R. McKeown, W.J. Parton, W.M. Pulliam, I.C. Prentice, A. Haxeltine, S.W. Running, L.L. Pierce, R.R. Nemani, E.R. Hunt, T.M. Smith, B. Rizzo, and F.I. Woodward.  1995. The VEMAP integrated database for modeling United States ecosystem/vegetation sensitivity to climate change.  Journal of Biogeography 22(4-5):857-862, doi: 10.2307/2845986.
  • Metherell, A.K., C.A. Cambardella, W.J. Parton, G.A. Peterson, L.A. Harding, and C.V. Cole. 1995. Simulation of soil organic matter dynamics in dryland wheat-fallow cropping systems. Pages 259-270 in: R. Lal, J. Kimball, E. Levine, and B.A. Stewart (eds.), Soil Management and Greenhouse Effect.  CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida, USA.
  • Motavalli, P.P., C.A. Palm, W.J. Parton, E.T. Elliott, and S.D. Frey. 1995. Soil pH and organic C dynamics in tropical forest soils: Evidence from laboratory and simulation studies. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 27(12):1589-1599.
  • Parton, W.J. and G. Dedieu. 1995. Feedbacks and modeling systems. Pp. 203-208 In M.A. Beran (ed.) Cabon Sequestration in the Biosphere, NATO ASI Series, Springer-Berlin, Berlin.
  • Parton, W.J., J.M.O. Scurlock, D.S. Ojima, D.S. Schimel, D.O. Hall, M.B. Coughenour, E. Garcia Moya, T.G. Gilmanov, A. Kamnalrut, J.I. Kinyamario, T. Kirchner, T.G.F. Kittel, J-C. Menaut, O.E. Sala, R.J. Scholes, and J.A. van Veen. 1995. Impact of climate change on grassland production and soil carbon worldwide. Global Change Biology 1:13-22.
  • Probert, M.E., B.A. Keating, J.P. Thompson, and W.J. Parton.  1995. Modelling water, nitrogen, and crop yield for a long-term fallow management experiment. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 35:941-950.
  • VEMAP, et al., J.M. Melillo, J. Borchers, J. Chaney, H. Fisher, S. Fox, A. Haxeltine, A. Janetos, D.W. Kicklighter, T.G.F. Kittel, A.D. McGuire, R. McKeown, R. Neilson, R. Nemani, D.S. Ojima, T. Painter, Y. Pan, W.J. Parton, L. Pierce, L. Pitelka, C. Prentice, B. Rizzo, N.A. Rosenbloom, S. Running, D.S. Schimel, S. Sitch, T. Smith, and I. Woodward.  1995. Vegetation/ecosystem modeling and analysis project: comparing biogeography and biogeochemistry models in a continental-scale study of terrestrial ecosystem responses to climate change and CO2 doubling. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 9:407-437.
  • Xiao, X., D.S. Ojima, W.J. Parton, C. Zuozhong, and C. Du. 1995. Sensitivity of Inner Mongolia grasslands to global climate change. Journal of Biogeography 22:643-648.
  • Coughenour, M.B. and W.J. Parton. 1996. Integrated models of ecosystem function: a grassland case study. Pp. 93-114 In B.H. Walker and W.L. Steffens (eds.) Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems, Cambridge University Press, NY.
  • Delgado, J.A., A.R. Mosier, D.W. Valentine, D.S. Schimel and W.J. Parton.  1996.  Long term N-15 studies in a catena of the shortgrass steppe.  Biogeochemistry 32(1): 41-52.
  • Kittel, T.G.F., D.S. Ojima, D.S. Schimel, R. McKeown, J.G. Bromberg, T.H. Painter, N.A. Rosenbloom, W.J. Parton, and F. Giorgi. 1996. Model GIS integration and data set development to assess terrestrial ecosystem vulnerability to climate change. Pages 293-297 in: GIS and Environmental Modeling: Progress and Research Issues. John Wiley and Sons, Canada.
  • Lapitan, R.L. and W.J. Parton. 1996. Seasonal variabilities in the microclimate factors and evapotranspiration in a shortgrass steppe. Ag. And Forest Meteorology 79:113-130.
  • Mosier, A.R., W.J. Parton, D.W. Valentine, D.S. Ojima, D.S. Schimel,a nd J.A. Delgado. 1996. CH4 and N2O fluxes in the Colorado shortgrass steppe: I. Impact of landscape and nitrogen addition. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 10:387-399.
  • Ojima, D.S., W.J. Parton, M.B. Coughenour, J.M.O. Scurlock, T. Kirchner, T.G.F. Kittel, D.O. Hall, D.S. Schimel, E. Garcia Moya, T.G. Gilmanov, T.R. Seastedt, Apinan Kamnalrut, J.I. Kinyamario, S.P. Long, J-C. Menaut, O.E. Sala, R.J. Scholes, and J.A. van Veen.  1996.  Impact of climate and atmospheric carbon dioxide changes on grasslands of the world. Pages 271-311 in: A.I. Breymeyer, D.O. Hall, J.M. Melillo, and G.I. Ågren (eds.), Global Change: Effects on Coniferous Forests and Grasslands. SCOPE Volume 56.  John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, West Sussex, England.
  • Parton, W.J., A. Haxeltine, P. Thornton, R. Anne and M Hartman. 1996. Ecosystem sensitivity to land-surface models and leaf area index. Global and Planetary Change 13(1-4):89-98, doi: 10.1016/0921-8181(95)00040-2.
  • Parton, W.J., D.S. Ojima, and D.S. Schimel. 1996. Models to evaluate soil organic matter storage and dynamics. Pages 421-448 in: M.R. Carter and B.A. Stewart (eds.), Structure and Organic Matter Storage in Agricultural Soils. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida, USA.
  • Parton, W.J. 1996. Ecosystem model comparison: science or fantasy world? Pages 133-142 in: D.S. Powlson, P. Smith, and J.U. Smith (eds.), Evaluation of Soil Organic Matter Models using Existing Long-term Datasets. NATO ASI Series, Vol. I 38, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany.
  • Parton, W.J. 1996. The CENTURY model. Pages 283-291 in: D.S. Powlson, P. Smith, and J.U. Smith (eds.), Evaluation of Soil Organic Matter Models using Existing Long-term Datasets.  NATO ASI Series, Vol. I 38,  Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany.
  • Parton, W.J., M.B. Coughenour, J.M.O. Scurlock, D.S. Ojima, T.G. Gilmanov, R.J. Scholes, D.S. Schimel, T. Kirchner, J-C. Menaut, T.R. Seastedt, E. Garcia Moya, A. Kamnalrut, J.I. Kinyamario and D.O. Hall. 1996. Global grassland ecosystem modelling: development and test of ecosystem models for grassland systems. Pages 229-266 in: A.I. Breymeyer, D.O. Hall, J.M. Melillo, and G.I. Ågren (eds.), Global Change: Effects on Coniferous Forests and Grasslands. SCOPE Volume 56. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, West Sussex, England.
  • Parton, W.J., A.R. Mosier, D.S. Ojima, D.W. Valentine, D.S. Schimel, K. Weier, and A.E. Kulmala. 1996. Generalized model for N2 and N20 production from nitrification and denitrification. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 10:401-412.
  • Schimel, D.S., B.H. Braswell, R. McKeown, D.S. Ojima, W.J. Parton, and W. Pulliam. 1996. Climate and nitrogen controls on the geography and timescales of terrestrial biogeochemical cycling. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 10:677-692.
  • Vallis, I., W.J. Parton, B.A. Keating, and A.W. Wood. 1996. Simulation of the effects of trash and N fertilizer management on soil organic matter levels and yields of sugarcane. Soil & Tillage Research 38:115-132.
  • Xiao, X., D.S. Ojima, W.J. Parton, and Z. Chen. 1996. Modeling of soil organic matter dynamics in eastern Inner Mongolia. Pages 618-619 in: Rangelands in a Sustainable Biosphere.  Fifth International Rangeland Congress, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
  • Burke, I.C., W.K. Lauenroth, and W.J. Parton.  1997.  Regional and temporal variation in net primary production and nitrogen mineralization in grasslands.  Ecology 78(5): 1330-1340.
  • Gilmanov T.G., W.J. Parton, and D.S. Ojima. 1997. Testing the CENTURY ecosystem level model on data sets from eight grassland sites in the former USSR representing wide climatic/soil gradient. Ecological Modelling 96:191-210.
  • Hartman, M.D., J.S. Baron, D.S. Ojima, and W. Parton. 1997. The effects of land use and temperature change on ecosystem processes in the South Platte River Basin. Supplement to Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, Vol. 78.
  • Hutchinson, A.R., W.J. Parton, and S. Phongpan. 1997. Trace gas fluxes in the Colorado shortgrass steppe. Agron. Abstr. P. 217.
  • Kelly, R.H., W.J. Parton, G.J. Crocker, P.R. Grace, J. Klír, M. Körschens, P.R. Poulton, and D.D. Richter. 1997. Simulating trends in soil organic carbon in long-term experiments using the Century model. Geoderma 81:75-90.
  • Matson, P.A., W.J. Parton, A.G. Power, and M.J. Swift. 1997. Agricultural intensification and ecosystem properties. Science 277:504-509.
  • Matson, P.A., W.J. Parton, A.G. Power, and M.J. Swift.  1997.  Agricultural strategies – Response.  Science 277(5334): 1909.
  • Mosier, A.R., J.A. Delgado, V.L. Cochran, D.W. Valentine, and W.J. Parton. 1997. Impact of agriculture on soil consumption of atmospheric CH4 and a comparison of CH4 and N2O flux insubarctic, temperate and tropical grasslands. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 49:71-83.
  • Mosier, A.R., W.J. Parton, D.W. Valentine, D.S. Ojima, D.S. Schimel, and O. Heinemeyer. 1997. CH4 and N2O fluxes in Colorado shortgrass steppe: 2. Long-term impact of land use change. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 11:29-42.
  • Schimel, D.S., B.H. Braswell, and W.J. Parton.  1997.  Equilibrium of the terrestrial water, nitrogen, and carbon cycles.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 94(16): 8280-8283.
  • Schimel, D.S., W. Emanuel, B. Rizzo, T. Smith, F.I. Woodward, H. Fisher, T.G.F. Kittel, R. McKeown, T. Painter, N. Rosenbloom, D.S. Ojima, W.J. Parton, D.W. Kicklighter, A.D. McGuire, J.M. Melillo, Y. Pan, A. Haxeltine, C. Prentice, S. Sitch, K. Hibbard, R. Nemani, L. Pierce, S. Running, J. Borchers, J. Chaney, R. Neilson, and B.H. Braswell. 1997. Continental scale variability in ecosystem processes: Models, data, and the role of disturbance. Ecological Monographs 67(2):251-271.
  • Smith, P., J.U. Smith, D.S. Powlson, J.R.M. Arah, O.G. Chertov, K. Coleman, U. Franko, S. Frolking, H.K. Gunnewick, D.S. Jenkinson, L.S. Jensen, R.H. Kelly, A.S. Komarov, C. Li, J.A.E. Molina, T. Mueller, W.J. Parton, J.H.M. Thornley, and A.P. Whitmore. 1997. A comparison of the performance of nine soil organic matter models using datasets from seven long-term experiments. Geoderma 81:153-225.
  • Steyaert, L.T., T.R. Loveland, and W.J. Parton. 1997. Land cover characterization and land surface parameterization research. Ecological Applications 7(1):1-2.
  • Xiao, X., D.S. Ojima, W.J. Parton, and C.D. Bonham. 1997. Modelling of biomass and soil organic matter of Aneurolepidium chinense (Leymus chinense) and Stipa grandis steppe ecosystems in Xilin River Basin, Inner Mongolia, China. Research on Grassland Ecosystem 5:118-129.
  • Bolker B.M., S.W. Pacala, and W.J.Parton. 1998. Linear analysis of soil decomposition: Insights from the CENTURY model. Ecological Applications 8(2): 425-439.
  • Frolking, S.E., A.R. Mosier, D.S. Ojima, C. Li, W.J. Parton, C.S. Potter, E. Priesack, R. Stenger, C. Haberbosch, P. Dorsch, H. Flessa, and K.A. Smith. 1998. Comparison of N2O emissions from soils at three temperate agricultural sites: simulations of year-round measurements by four models. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 52:77-105.
  • Martin, R.E., M.C. Scholes, A.R. Mosier, D.S. Ojima, E.A. Holland, and W.J. Parton. 1998. Controls on annual emissions of nitric oxide from soils of the Colorado shortgrass steppe. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 12:81-91.
  • Mosier, A. R., W.J. Parton, and S. Phongpan. 1998. Long-term large N and immediate small N additions effects on trace gas fluxes in the Colorado shortgrass steppe. Biology and Fertility of Soils 28:44-50.
  • Pan, Y., J.M. Melillo, A.D. McGuire, D.W. Kicklighter, L.F. Pitelka, K. Hibbard, L.L. Pierce, S.W. Running, D.S. Ojima, W.J. Parton, D.S. Schimel, and other VEMAP members. 1998. Modeled responses of terrestrial ecosystems to elevated atmospheric CO2: A comparison of simulations by the biogeochemistry models of the vegetation/ecosystem modeling and ananlysis project (VEMAP). Oecologia 114:389-404.
  • Parton, W.J., review of A.F. Bouwman (ed.) 1998. Approaches to scaling of trace gas fluxes in ecosystems. Developments in atmospheric science 24. Geoderma, Elsevier, Amsterdam.
  • Parton, W.J., M. Hartman, D. Ojima, and D. Schimel. 1998. DAYCENT and its land surface submodel: description and testing. Global and Planetary Change 19:35-48.
  • Harden, J. W., J.M. Sharpe, W.J. Parton, D.S. Ojima, T.L. Fries, T.G. Huntington, and S.M. Dabney. 1999. Dynamic replacement and loss of soil carbon on eroding cropland. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 13:885-901.
  • Moorhead, D.L., W.S. Currie, E.B. Rastetter, W.J. Parton, and M.E. Harmon. 1999. Climate and litter quality controls on decomposition: An analysis of modeling approaches. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 13:575-589.
  • Parton, W.J.  1999.  Use and testing of grassland models: past, present and future. Pages 836-839 in D. Eldridge and D. Freudenberger (eds), People and Rangelands Building the Future, Vols 1 and 2.
  • Scurlock, J.M.O., W. Cramer, R.J. Olson, W.J. Parton, S.D. Prince and members of the Global Primary Production Data Initiative. 1999. Terrestrial NPP: Towards a consistent data set for global model evaluation. Ecological Applications 9:913-919.
  • Conley, A.H., E.A. Holland, T.R. Seastedt, and W.J. Parton. 2000. Simulation of carbon and nitrogen cycling in an alpine tundra. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 32(2):147-154.
  • Daly, C., D. Bachelet, J.M. Lenihan, R. Neilson, W. Parton, and D. Ojima. 2000. Dynamic simulation of tree-grass interactions for global change studies. Ecological Applications 10:449-469.
  • Del Grosso, S.J., W.J. Parton, A.R. Mosier, D.S. Ojima, and M.D. Hartman. 2000. Interaction of soil carbon sequestration and N2O flux with different land use practices. Pages 303-311 in: J. van Ham, A.P.M. Baede, L.A. Meyer, R. Ybema (eds.), Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases: Scientific Understanding, Control and Implementation. Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands.
  • Del Grosso, S.J., W.J. Parton, A.R. Mosier, D.S. Ojima, A.E. Kulmala, and S. Phongpan.  2000. General model for N2O and N2 gas emissions from soils due to denitrification. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 14:1045-1060.
  • Del Grosso, S.J., W.J. Parton, A.R. Mosier, D.S. Ojima, C.S. Potter, W. Broken, R. Brume, K. Butterbach-Bahl, P.M. Krill, K. Dobbie, and K.A. Smith. 2000. General CH4 oxidation model and comparisons of CH4 oxidation in natural and managed systems. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 14:999-1019.
  • Eitzinger, J., W.J. Parton, and M. Hartman. 2000. Improvement and validation of a daily soil temperature submodel for freezing/thawing periods. Soil Science 165:525-534.
  • Gholz, H.L., D.A. Wedin, S.M. Smitherman, M.E. Harmon, and W.J. Parton.  2000.  Long-term dynamics of pine and hardwood litter in contrasting environments: toward a global model of decomposition.  Global Change Biology 6(7): 751-765.
  • Groffman, P.M., R. Brumme, K. Butterbach-Bahl, K.E. Dobbie, A.R. Mosier, D. Ojima, H. Papen, W.J. Parton, K.A. Smith, and C. Wagner-Riddle. 2000. Evaluating annual nitrous oxide fluxes at the ecosystem scale. Global Biogeochemistry Cycles 14:1061-1070.
  • Hall, D.O., J.M.O. Scurlock, D.S. Ojima, and W.J. Parton. 2000. Grasslands and the global carbon cycle: modeling the effects of climate change.  Pages 102-114 in: T.M.L. Wigley and D.S. Schimel (eds.), The Carbon Cycle. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY.
  • Jackson, R.B., H.J. Schenk, E.G. Jobbagy, J. Canadell, G.D. Colello, R.E. Dickinson, T. Dunne, C.B. Field, P. Friedlingstein, M. Heimann, K. Hibbard, D.W. Kicklighter, A. Kleidon, R.P. Neilson, W.J. Parton, O.E. Sala, and M.T. Sykes. 2000. Belowground consequences of vegetation change and its treatment in models. Ecological Applications 10:470-483.
  • Kelly, R.H., W.J. Parton, M.D. Hartman, L.K. Stretch, D.S. Schimel, and D.S. Ojima. 2000. Intra and interannual variability of ecosystem processes in shortgrass steppe. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 105:20,093-20,100.
  • McGuire, A.D., J.M. Melillo, J.T. Randerson, W.J. Parton, M. Heimann, R.A. Meier, J.S. Clein-Curley, D.W. Kicklighter, and W. Sauf. 2000. Modeling the effects of snowpack on heterotrophic respiration across northern temperate and high latitude regions: Comparison with measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide in high latitudes. Biogeochemistry 48(1):91-114.
  • Ojima, D.S., A.R. Mosier, S.J. Del Grosso, and W.J. Parton. 2000. TRAGNET analysis and synthesis of trace gas fluxes. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 14: 995-997.
  • Pielke, R.A., T. Stohlgren, W. Parton, J. Moeny, N. Doesken, L. Schell, and K. Redmond. 2000. Spatial representativeness of temperature measurements from a single site. American Meteorological Society 81(4):826-830.
  • Raich, J.W., W.J. Parton, A.E. Russell, R.L. Sanford, Jr., and P.M. Vitousek. 2000. Analysis of factors regulating ecosystems development on Mauna Loa using the Century model. Biogeochemistry 51:161-191.
  • Schimel, D.S., J.M. Melillo, H. Tian, A.D. McGuire, D. Kicklighter, T. Kittel, N. Rosenbloom, S. Running, P. Thornton, D. Ojima, W. Parton, R. Kelly, M. Sykes, R. Neilson, B. Rizzo, and L. Pitelka. 2000. Contribution of increasing CO2 and climate to carbon storage by ecosystems in the United States. Science 287:(5460) 2004-2006.
  • Del Grosso, S.J., W.J. Parton, A.R. Mosier, M.D. Hartman, J. Brenner, D.S. Ojima, and D.S. Schimel. 2001. Simulated interaction of carbon dynamics and nitrogen trace gas fluxes using the DAYCENT model. Pages 303-332 in: M. Schaffer, L. Ma, and S. Hansen (eds.), Modeling Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics for Soil Management. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
  • Del Grosso, S.J., W.J. Parton, A.R. Mosier, M.D. Hartman, C.A. Keough, G.A. Peterson, D.S. Ojima, and D.S. Schimel. 2001. Simulated effects of land use, soil texture, and precipitation on N gas emissions using DAYCENT.  Pages 413-431 in:  R.F. Follett, J.L Hatfield (eds.), Nitrogen in the Environment: Sources, Problems, and Management. Elsevier Science Publishers, The Netherlands.
  • Lu, L., R.A. Pielke, Sr., G.E. Liston, W.J. Parton, D. Ojima, and M. Hartmann. 2001. Implementation of a two-way interactive atmospheric and ecological model and its application to the central United States. Journal of Climate 14:900-919.
  • Manies, K.L., J.W. Harden, L. Kramer, and W.J. Parton. 2001. Cabon dynamics within agricultural and native sites in the Loess region of Western Iowa. Global Change Biology 7(5):545-555.
  • Morgan, J.A., A.R. Mosier, D.R. Lecain, W.J. Parton and D.G. Milchunas.  2001.  Elevated CO2 enhances productivity on the ON ratio of grasses in the Colorado shortgrass steppe.  Pages 981-982 in J.A. Gomide, W.R.S. Mattos, and S.C. DaSilva (eds), Proceedings of the XIX International Grassland Congress: Grassland Ecosystems: An Outlook into the 21st Century.  San Pedro, Brazil, February 11-21, 2001.
  • Parton, W.J., E.A. Holland, S.J.  Del Grosso, M.D. Hartman, R.E. Martin, A.R. Mosier, D.S.  Ojima, and D.S. Schimel. 2001. Generalized model for NOx and N2O emissions from soils. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 106:17403-17420.
  • Parton, W.J., J.A. Morgan, R.H. Kelly, and D.S. Ojima. 2001. Modeling soil C responses to environmental change in grassland ecosystems. Pp. 371-396 In Follett, Kimble, and Lal (eds.) The potential of U.S. grazing lands to sequester carbon and mitigate the greenhouse effect. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
  • Pielke, R.A., T.N. Chase, J. Eastman, L. Lu, G.E. Liston, M.B. Coughenour, D. Ojima, W.J. Parton, and T.G.F. Kittel.  2001.  Land-atmosphere interactions.  Pages 119-126 in G. Visconti, M. Beniston, E.D. Iannorelli, and D. Barba (eds), Global Change and Protected Areas, Vol. 9.
  • Chimner R.A., D.J. Cooper, and W.J Parton. 2002. Modeling carbon accumulation in Rocky Mountain fens. Wetlands 22(1):100-110.
  • Del Grosso, S.J., D.S. Ojima, W.J. Parton, A.R. Mosier, G.A. Peterson, and D.S. Schimel. 2002.  Simulated effects of dryland cropping intensification on SOM and greenhouse gas exchanges using the DAYCENT ecosystem model. Environmental Pollution 116:S75-S83.
  • Del Grosso, S.J., D.S. Ojima, W.J. Parton, and A.R. Mosier. 2002. Simulated effects of tillage and timing of N fertilizer application on net greenhouse gas fluxes and N losses for agricultural soils in the Midwestern USA. Pages 23-28 in: J. van Ham, et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases. Millpress, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
  • Del Grosso, S.J., D.S. Ojima, W.J. Parton, A.R. Mosier, G.A. Peterson. 2002. Regional assessment of net greenhouse gas fluxes from agricultural soils in the USA Great Plains under current and improved management. Pages 469-474 in: J. van Ham, A.P.M. Baede, R. Guicherit, and J.G.F.M. Williams-Jacobs (eds.), Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases, Millpress, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
  • Gijsman, A.J., G. Hoogenboom, W.J. Parton, and P.C. Kerridge. 2002. Modifying DSSAT crop models for low-input agricultural systems using a soil organic matter-residue module from CENTURY.  Agronomy Journal 94(3):462-474.
  • Gill, R.A., R.H. Kelly, W.J. Parton, K.A. Day, R.B. Jackson, J.A. Morgan, J.M.O. Scurlock, L.L. Tieszen, J.V. Castle, D.S. Ojima, and X.S. Zhang. 2002. Using simple environmental variables to estimate belowground productivity in grasslands. Global Ecology and Biogeography 11(1):79-86.
  • Lynam, T.J.P., M. Stafford Smith, and W.J. Parton. 2002. Building on history, sending agents into the future – Rangeland Modelling, retrospect and prospect. Pages 169-183 in: A.C. Grice and K.C. Hodgkinson (eds.), Global Rangelands, Progress and Prospect. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.
  • Aber, J.D., E.S. Bernhardt, F.A. Dijkstra, R.H. Gardner, K.H. Macneale, W.J. Parton, S.T.A. Pickett, D.L. Urban, and K.C. Weathers. 2003. Standards of practice for review and publication of models: Summary of discussion. Pp 204-210 in: C.D. Canham, J.J. Cole and W.K. Lauenroth (eds.)  Models in Ecosystem Science, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
  • Bandaranayake, W., Y.L. Qian, W.J. Parton, D.S. Ojima, and R. F. Follett. 2003. Estimation of soil organic carbon changes in turfgrass systems using the CENTURY model. Agronomy Journal 95:558-563.
  • Dalal, R.C., W.J. Wang, G.P. Robertson, and W.J. Parton.  2003.  Nitrous oxide emission from Australian agricultural lands and mitigation options: a review.  Australian Journal of Soil Research 41(2): 165-195.
  • Del Grosso, S.J., A. R. Mosier, W.J. Parton, D.S. Ojima, G.A. Peterson and J. Brenner. 2003. DAYCENT model assessment of management on decreasing net greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural soils in the USA Great Plains.  Proceedings of the 3rd International Methane and Nitrous Oxide Mitigation Conference. Beijing, China.
  • Hibbard, K.A., D.S. Schimel, S. Archer, D.S. Ojima, and W. Parton. 2003. Grassland to woodland transitions: integrating changes in landscape structure and biogeochemistry. Ecological Applications 13(4):911-926.
  • Parton, W.J. 2003. VEMAP. In: Canadell, J., and H.A. Mooney (eds.). Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change, Volume 2, The Earth System – Biological and Ecological Dimensions of Global Environmental Change. Wiley, ISBN: 978-0-470-85361-0, 688 pages.
  • Parton, W.J. 2003. The CENTURY ecosystems model. In: Canadell, J., and H.A. Mooney (eds.). Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change, Volume 2, The Earth System – Biological and Ecological Dimensions of Global Environmental Change. Wiley, ISBN: 978-0-470-85361-0, 688 pages.
  • Parton, W.J., M.P. Gutmann, and W.R. Travis. 2003. Historical land use change in eastern Colorado. Great Plains Research 12:97-125.
  • Pendall, E.,S. Del Grosso, J.Y. King, D.R. LeCain, D.G. Milchunas, J.A. Morgan, A.R. Mosier, D.S. Ojima, W.J. Parton, P.P. Tans, and J.W.C. White. 2003. Elevated atmospheric CO2 effects and soil water feedbacks on soil respiration components in a Colorado grassland. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 17(2): 10.1029/2001GB001821.
  • Qian, Y.L., W. Bandaranayake, W.J. Parton, B. Mecham, M.A. Harivandi, and A.R. Mosier.  2003. Long-term effects of clipping and nitrogen management in turfgrass on soil organic carbon and nitrogen dynamics: The CENTURY model simulation. Journal of Environmental Quality 32:1-7.
  • Adler, P.R., S.J. Del Grosso, and W.J. Parton. 2004. Modeling greenhouse gas emissions from bioenergy cropping systems in Pennsylvania using DAYCENT.  Pages 40-52 in: T.G. Barnes and L.R. Kiesel (eds.) Proceedings of the Fourth Eastern Native Grass Symposium. The University of Kentucky Department of Forestry, Lexington, KY, October 3-6, 2004
  • Baron, J.S, S.J. Del Grosso, D.S. Ojima, D.M. Theobald and W.J. Parton. 2004. Nitrogen emissions along the Colorado Front Range: Response to population growth, land and water use change, and agriculture. Pp. 117-127 in: DeFries, R., Asner, G. and Houghton, R. (eds.), Ecosystems and Land Use Change. American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C.
  • King, J.Y., A.R. Mosier, J.A. Morgan, D.R. LeCain, D.G. Milchunas, and W.J. Parton.  2004.  Plant nitrogen dynamics in shortgrass steppe under elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide.  Ecosystems 7(2): 147-160.
  • Luo, Y., B. Su, W.S. Currie, J.S. Dukes, A. Finzi, U. Hartwig, B. Hungate, R.E. McMurtrie, R.Oren, W.J. Parton, D.E. Pataki, M.R. Shaw, D.R. Zak, and C.B. Field. 2004. Progressive nitrogen limitation of ecosystem responses to rising atmospheric carbon dioxide.  BioScience 54:731-739.
  • Morgan, J.A., A.R. Mosier, D.G. Milchunas, D.R. LeCain, J.A. Nelson, and W.J. Parton.  2004.  CO2 enhances productivity, alters species composition, and reduces digestibility of shortgrass steppe vegetation.  Ecological Applications 14(1): 208-219.
  • Morgan, J.A., D.E. Pataki, C. Körner, H. Clark, S.J. Del Grosso, J.M. Grünzweig, A.K. Knapp, A.R. Mosier, P.C.D. Newton, P.A. Niklaus, J.B. Nippert, R.S. Nowak, W.J. Parton, H.W. Polley, M.R. Shaw. 2004. Water relations in grassland and desert ecosystems exposed to elevated atmospheric CO2. Oecologia 140:11-25.
  • Parton, W., G. Tappan, D. Ojima, and P. Tschakert. 2004. Ecological impact of historical and future land-use patterns in Senegal. Journal of Arid Environments 59:605-623.
  • Roxburgh, S.H., D.J. Barrett, S.L. Berry, J.O. Carter, I.D. Davies, R.M. Gifford, M.U. F. Kirschbaum, B.P. McBeth, I.R. Noble, W.J. Parton, M.R. Raupach and M.L. Roderick. 2004. A critical overview of model estimates of net primary productivity for the Australian continent. Functional Plant Biology 31(11) 1043-1059.
  • Throop, H.L., E.A. Holland, W.J. Parton, D.S. Ojima, and C.A. Keough. 2004. Effects of nitrogen deposition and insect herbivory on patterns of ecosystem-level carbon and nitrogen dynamics: results from the CENTURY model. Global Change Biology 10:1092-1105.
  • Conant, R.T., K. Paustian, S.J. Del Grosso, and W.J. Parton. 2005. Nitrogen pools and fluxes in grassland soils sequestering carbon. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 71:239-248.
  • Del Grosso, S.J., A.R. Mosier, W.J. Parton and D.S. Ojima. 2005. DAYCENT model analysis of past and contemporary soil N2O and net greenhouse gas flux for major crops in the USA. Soil Tillage and Research 83:9-24.
  • Del Grosso, S.J., W.J. Parton, A.R. Mosier, E.A. Holland, E. Pendall, D.S. Schimel, and D.S. Ojima. 2005. Modeling soil CO2 emissions from ecosystems. Biogeochemistry 73:71-91.
  • Gutmann, M.P., W.J. Parton, G. Cunfer and I.C. Burke. 2005. Population and Environment in the U.S. Great Plains. Pages 84-105 In: P. Stern and B. Entwisle (eds.) New Research on Population and the Environment. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
  • Parton, W.J., M.P. Gutmann, S.A. Williams, M. Easter, and D. Ojima. 2005. Ecological impact of historical land use patterns in the Great Plains: A methodological assessment. Ecological Applications 15(6):1915-1928.
  • Parton, W.J., J. Neff, and P.M. Vitousek. 2005. Modelling phosphorus, carbon and nitrogen dynamics in terrestrial ecosystems. Pages 325-334 In: B.L. Turner, E. Frossard and D.S. Baldwin (eds.). Organic Phosphorus in the Environment. CAB International.
  • Pepper, D.A., S.J. Del Grosso, R.E. McMurtrie, and W.J. Parton. 2005. Simulated carbon sink response of shortgrass steppe, tallgrass prairie and forest ecosystems to rising [CO2], temperature and nitrogen input, Global Biogeochemical Cycles 19, GB1004, doi:10.1029/2004GB002226.
  • Yarie, J., and W.J. Parton. 2005. Potential changes in carbon dynamics due to climate change measured in the past two decades. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 35:2258-2267.
  • Boyer, E.W., R.B. Alexander, W.J. Parton, C.S. Li, K. Butterbach-Bahl, S.D. Donner, R.W. Skaggs, and S.J. Del Grosso. 2006. Modeling denitrification in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems at regional scales. Ecological Applications 16 (6): 2123-2142.
  • Del Grosso S.J., W.J. Parton, A.R. Mosier, M.K. Walsh, D.S. Ojima, P.E. Thornton. 2006. DAYCENT national scale simulations of N2O emissions from cropped soils in the USA. Journal of Environmental Quality 35:1451-1460.
  • Parton, W.J. 2006. Century Ecosystem Model.  Pp 105-106 in: H. Geist (ed.). Our Earth’s Changing Land, An Encyclopedia of Land-Use and Land-Cover Change Vol I.  Greenwood Press, Westport, CT.
  • Raich, J.W., A.E. Russell, K. Kitayama, W.J. Parton, and P.M. Vitousek.  2006.  Temperature influences carbon accumulation in moist tropical forests.  Ecology 87(1): 76-87.
  • Adler, P.R., S.J. Del Grosso, and W.J. Parton. 2007. Life-cycle assessment of net greenhouse-gas flux for bioenergy cropping systems. Ecological Applications 17(3):675-691.
  • Chilcott, C.R., R.C. Dalal, W.J. Parton, J.O. Carter, and A.J. King. 2007. Long-term trends in fertility of soils under continuous cultivation and cereal cropping in southern Queensland. IX. Simulation of soil carbon and nitrogen pools using CENTURY model. Australian Journal of Soil Research 45:206-217.
  • Norby, R.L., L.E. Rustad, J.S. Dukes, D.S. Ojima, W.J. Parton, S.J. Del Grosso, R.E. McMurtrie, and D.A. Pepper. 2007. Ecosystem responses to warming and interacting global change factors. Pages 22-36 in: J.G. Canadell, D.E. Pataki, and L.F. Pitelka (eds.). Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing World. ISBN: 978-3-540-32729-5. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  • Parton, W.J., M.P. Gutmann, and D.S. Ojima. 2007. Long-term trends in population, farm income, and crop production in the Great Plains. BioScience 57(9):735-747.
  • Parton, W.J., J.A. Morgan, G. Wang, and S. Del Grosso. 2007. Projected ecosystem impact of the prairie heating and CO2 enrichment experiment. New Phytologist 174(4):823-834.
  • Parton, W.J., W.L. Silver, I.C. Burke, L. Grassens, M.E. Harmon, W.S. Currie, J.Y. King, E.C. Adair, L.A. Brandt, S.C. Hart, and B. Fasth. 2007. Global-scale similarities in nitrogen release patterns during long-term decomposition. Science 315:361-364.
  • Plante, A.F. and W.J. Parton. 2007. The dynamics of soil organic matter and nutrient cycling. Pages 433-467 in: E.A. Paul (ed.), Soil Microbiology, Ecology, and Biochemistry, 3rd Ed. Academic Press, Elsevier, Oxford, UK
  • Smith, G.R., B.A. McCarl, C. Li, J.H. Reynolds, R. Hammerschlag, R. Sass, W.J. Parton, S.M. Ogle, K. Paustian, J. Holtkamp, and W. Barbour. 2007. Harnessing farms and forests in the low-carbon economy: how to create, measure, and verify greenhouse gas offsets.  Z. Willey and B. Chameides (eds.). Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, Duke University Press, Raleigh, NC. 229 pp.
  • Adair, E.C., W.J. Parton, S.J. Del Grosso, W.L. Silver, M.E. Harmon, S.A. Hall, I.C. Burke, and S.C. Hart. 2008. Simple three-pool model accurately describes patterns of long-term litter decomposition in diverse climates. Global Change Biology 14:2636-2660 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01674.x.
  • Burke, I.C., A.R. Mosier, P.B. Hook, D.G. Milchunas, J.E. Barrett, M.A. Vinton, R.L. McCulley, J.P. Kaye, R.A. Gill, H.E. Epstein, R.H. Kelly, W.J. Parton, C.M. Yonker, P. Low, and W.K. Lauenroth. 2008. Soil organic matter and nutrient dynamics of shortgrass steppe ecosystems. Pages 306 – 341 in: W.K. Lauenroth and I.C Burke (eds), Ecology of the Shortgrass Steppe: A Long Term Perspective. Oxford Univ. Press, N.Y.
  • Conant, R.T., R.A. Drijber, M.L. Haddix, W.J. Parton, E.A. Paul, A.F. Plante, J. Six, and J.M. Steinweg. 2008. Sensitivity of organic matter decomposition to warming varies with its quality. Global Change Biology 14:868-877.
  • Del Grosso, S.J., A.D. Halvorson, and W.J. Parton. Testing DAYCENT model simulations of corn yields and nitrous oxide emissions in irrigated tillage systems in Colorado. 2008. Journal of Environmental Quality 37:1383-1389, doi:10.2134/jeq2007.0292.
  • Del Grosso, S.J., S.M. Ogle, W.J. Parton and P.R. Adler. 2008. Impacts of land conversion for biofuel cropping on soil organic matter and greenhouse gas emissions. Pages 58-67 in: M. Khanna (ed.), Transition to a Bioeconomy: Environmental and Rural Development Impacts. Proceedings of the October 15 and 16, 2008 conference, St. Louis, MO, Farm Foundation, Oak Brook, IL.
  • Del Grosso S.J., W.J. Parton, T.S. Stohlgren, D. Zheng, D. Bachelet, K. Hibbard, R. Olson and S. Prince. 2008. Global potential net primary production predicted from vegetation class, precipitation and temperature. Ecology 89(8):2117-2126.
  • Del Grosso, S.J., W.J. Parton, D.S. Ojima, C.A. Keough, T.H. Riley, and A.R. Mosier. 2008. DAYCENT simulated effects of land use and climate on county level N loss vectors in the USA. Pages 571-595 in: R.F. Follett, and J.L. Hatfield (eds.) Nitrogen in the Environment: Sources, Problems, and Management, 2nd ed. Elsevier Science Publishers, The Netherlands.
  • Del Grosso, S.J., T. Wirth, S.M. Ogle, and W.J. Parton. 2008. Estimating agricultural nitrous oxide emissions. EOS, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 89(51) doi:10.1029/2008EO510001.
  • Gerten, D, Y. Luo, G. Le Maire, W.J. Parton, C. Keough, E. Weng, C. Beier, P. Ciais, W. Cramer, J.S. Dukes, B. Emmett, P. J. Hanson, A. Knapp, S. Linder, D. Nepstad, L. Rustad and A. Sowerby. 2008. Modeled effects of precipitation on ecosytem carbon and water dynamics in different climatic zones. Global Change Biology 14:2365-2379.
  • Luo, Y., D. Gerten, G. le Maire, W. J. Parton, E. Weng, X. Zhou, C. Keough, C. Beier, P. Ciais, W. Cramer, J. S. Dukes, B. Emmett, P. J. Hanson, A. Knapp, S. Linder, D. Nepstad and L. Rustad. 2008. Modeled interactive effects of precipitation, temperature, and [CO2] on ecosystem carbon and water dynamics in different cliimatic zones. Global Change Biology 14: 1986-1999.
  • Mosier, A.R., W.J. Parton, R.E. Martin, D.W. Valentine, D.S. Ojima, D.S. Schimel, I.C. Burke, E.C. Adair, and S.J. Del Grosso. 2008. Soil-atmosphere exchange of trace gases in the Colorado Shortgrass Steppe. Pages 342-372 in: W.K. Lauenroth and I.C. Burke (eds.), Ecology of the Shortgrass Steppe: A Long-Term Perspective. Oxford University Press, Nov. 2008.
  • Oldenburg, C.M., M.S. Torn, K.M. DeAngelis, J.B. Ajo-Franklin, R.G. Amundson, C.J. Bernacchi, G.M. Bond, E.L. Brodie, M. Carerra, J.N. Christensen, A.B. Cunningham, B.Fouke, T.C. Hazen, A.K. Jain, M. Kleber, K.G. Knauss, S. Nakagawa, K.L. O’Hara, W.J. Parton, W.L. Silver, J.W. Six, W.I. Stringfellow, T.K. Tokunaga, T. Xu, and D. Zilberman (2008). Biologically Enhanced Carbon Sequestration: Research Needs and Opportunities. Report on the Energy Biosciences Institute Workshop on Biologically Enhanced Carbon Sequestration, October 29, 2007, Berkeley, CA. LBNL Report LBNL-713E
  • Parton, W.J., S.J. Del Grosso, I.C. Burke and D.S. Ojima. 2008. The Shortgrass Steppe and ecosystem modeling. Pages 373-388 in: W.K. Lauenroth and I.C. Burke (eds.), Ecology of the Shortgrass Steppe: A Long-Term Perspective. Oxford University Press, Nov. 2008.
  • Rindfuss, R.R., B. Entwisle, S.J. Walsh, L. An, N. Badenoch, D.G. Brown, P. Deadman, T.P. Evans, J. Fox, J. Geoghegan, M. Gutmann, M. Kelly, M. Linderman, J. Liu, G.P. Malanson, C.F. Mena, J.P. Messina, E.F. Moran, D.C. Parker, W. Parton, P. Prasartkul, D.T. Robinson, Y. Sawangdee, L.K. Vanwey, and P.H. Verburg. 2008. Land use change: complexity and comparisons. Journal of Land Use Science 3(1):1-10.
  • Robertson, G.P., V.H. Dale, O.C. Doering, S.P. Hamburg, J.M. Melillo, M.M. Wander, W.J. Parton, P.R. Adler, J.N. Barney, R.M. Cruse, C.S. Duke, P.M. Fearnside, R.F. Folett, H.K. Gibbs, J. Goldemberg, D.J. Mladenoff, D. Ojima, M.W. Palmer, A. Sharpley, L. Wallace, K.C. Weathers, J.A. Wiens, and W.W. Wilhelm.  2008. Agriculture – Sustainable biofuels redux.  Science 322(5898): 49-50, doi: 10.1126/science.1161525.
  • Wall, D. H., M. A. Bradford, M. G. St. John, J. A. Trofymow, V. Behan-Pelletier, D. E. Bignell, J. Mark Dangerfield, W. J. Parton, J. Rusek, W. Voigt, V. Wolters, H. Zadeh Gardel, F. O. Ayuke, R. Bashford, O. I. Beljakova, P. J. Bohlen, A. Brauman, S. Flemming, J. R. Henschel, D. L. Johnson, T. H. Jones, M. Kovarova, J. M. Kranabetter, L. Kutny, Kuo-Chuan Lin, M. Maryati, D. Masse, A Pokarzhevskii, H. Rahman, M. G .Sabara, J-A. Salamon, M. J. Swift, A. Varela, H. L. Vasconcelos, D. White, and X. Zou. 2008. Global decomposition experiment shows soil animal impacts on decomposition are climate dependent. Global Change Biology 14:2661-2677.
  • Yadav, V., S.J. Del Grosso, W.J. Parton, and G.P. Malanson. 2008. Adding ecosystem function to agent-based land use models. Journal of Land Use Science 3:27-40.
  • Ayres, E., H. Steltzer, B.L. Simmons, R.T. Simpson, J.M. Steinweg, M.D. Wallenstein, N. Mellor, W.J. Parton, J.C. Moore, and D.H. Wall.  2009.  Home-field advantage accelerates leaf litter decomposition in forests.  Soil Biology & Biochemistry 41(3): 606-610, doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.12.022.
  • Bontti, E.E., J.P. Decant, S.M. Munson, M.A. Gathany, A. Przeszlowska, M.L. Haddix, S. Owens, I.C. Burke, W.J. Parton, and M.E. Harmon. 2009. Litter decomposition in grasslands of Central North America (US Great Plains). Global Change Biology 15:1356–1363, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01815.x
  • Cusack, D.F., W.W. Chou, W.H. Yang, M.E. Harmon, W.L. Silver, and the LIDET Team. 2009. Controls on long-term root and leaf litter decomposition in neotropical forests. Global Change Biology 15:1339–1355, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01781.x.
  • David, M.B., S.J. Del Grosso, X. Hu, G.F. McIsaac, W.J. Parton, E.P. Marshall, C. Tonitto, and M.A. Youssef. 2009. Modeling denitrification in a tile-drained, corn and soybean agroecosystem of Illinois, USA. Biogeochemistry 93:7-30.
  • Del Grosso, S.J., D.S. Ojima, W.J. Parton, E. Stehfest, M. Heistemann, B. Deangelo, and S. Rose. 2009. Global scale DAYCENT model analysis of greenhouse gas mitigation strategies for cropped soils. Global and Planetary Change 67:44-50, doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2008.12.006.
  • Harmon, M.E., W.L. Silver, B. Fasth, H. Chen, I.C. Burke, W.J. Parton, S.C. Hart, W.S. Currie, and LIDET. 2009. Long-term patterns of mass loss during the decomposition of leaf and fine root litter: an intersite comparison. Global Change Biology 15:1320–1338, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01837.x.
  • Yeluripati, J.B., M. van Oijen, M. Wattenbach, A. Neftel, A. Ammann, W.J. Parton and P.Smith.  2009.  Bayesian calibration as a tool for initialising the carbon pools of dynamic soil models.  Soil Biology & Biochemistry 41(12): 2579-2583, doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2009.08.021.
  • Currie, W.S., M.E. Harmon, I. Burke, S.C. Hart, W.J. Parton, and W. Silver.  2010. Cross-biome transplants of plant litter reveal both extension and limitation of the climate-litter quality paradigm to predict rates of decomposition. Global Change Biology 16(6):1744-1761, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02086.x.
  • Davis, S.C., W.J. Parton, F.G. Dohleman, C.M. Smith, S. Del Grosso, A.D. Kent, and E.H. DeLucia.  2010.  Comparative biogeochemical cycles of bioenergy crops reveal nitrogen-fixation and low greenhouse gas emissions in a Miscanthus x giganteus agro-ecosystem.  Ecosystems 13(1):144-156, doi: 10.1007/s10021-009-9306-9.
  • Del Grosso, S.J., S.M. Ogle, W.J. Parton, F.J. Breidt. 2010. Estimating Uncertainty in N2O Emissions from US Cropland Soils, Global Biogeochemical Cycles 24, GB1009, doi: 10.1029/2009gb003544.
  • Del Grosso, S. and W. Parton.  2010.  Global potential net primary production predicted from vegetation class, precipitation, and temperature: reply.  Ecology 91(3): 923-925, doi: 10.1890/09-0741.1.
  • Parton, W.J., P.J. Hanson, C. Swanson, M. Torn, S.E. Trumbore, W. Riley and R. Kelly.  2010.   ForCent model development and testing using the Enriched Background Isotope Study experiment.  Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences 115, doi: G04001 10.1029/2009jg001193.
  • Cleveland, C.C., A.R. Townsend, P. Taylor, S. Alvarez-Clare, G. Chuyong, S.Z. Dobrowski, P. Grierson, K.E. Harms, B.Z. Houlton, A. Marklein, W. Parton, S. Porder, S.C. Reed, C.A. Sierra, W.L. Silver, E.V.J. Tanner, and W.R. Wieder.  2011.  Relationships among net primary productivity, nutrients and climate in tropical rain forest: a pan-tropical analysis (vol 14, pg 939, 2011).  Ecology Letters 14(12): 1313-1317, doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01711.x.
  • Conant, R.T., M.G. Ryan, G.I. Agren, H.E. Birge, E.A. Davidson, P.E. Eliasson, S.E. Evans, S.D. Frey, C.P. Giardina, F.M. Hopkins, R. Hyvonen, M.U.F. Kirschbaum, J.M. Lavallee, J. Leifeld, W.J. Parton, J.M. Steinweg, M.D. Wallenstein, J.A.M. Wetterstedt, and M.A. Bradford.  2011.  Temperature and soil organic matter decomposition rates – synthesis of current knowledge and a way forward.  Global Change Biology 17(11): 3392-3404, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02496.x.
  • Del Grosso, S.J., S.M. Ogle, and W.J. Parton. 2011.  Soil organic matter cycling and greenhouse gas accounting methodologies. Pages 331-341 in: L. Guo, A. Gunasekara, and L. McConnell (eds), Understanding greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural management.  Washington, American Chemical Society. Doi: 10.1021/bk-2011-1072.ch17.
  • Del Grosso, S.J. and W.J. Parton. 2011.  Quantifying nitrous oxide emissions from agricultural soils and management impacts. Pages 3-13 in: L. Guo, A. Gunasekara, and L. McConnell (eds), Understanding greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural management.  Washington, American Chemical Society. Doi: 10.1021/bk-2011-1072.ch001.
  • De Grosso, S.J., W.J. Parton, C.A. Keough, and M. Reyes-Fox. 2011. Special features of the DayCent modeling package and additional procedures for parameterization, calibration, validation, and applications.  Pages 155-176 in: L.R. Ahuja and L. Ma (eds), Methods of introducing models in agricultural research.  Madison, American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of American, Soil Science Society of America.
  • Hartman, M.D., E.K. Merchant, W.J. Parton, M.P. Gutmann, S.M. Lutz, and S.A. Williams. 2011. Impact of historical land use changes in the U.S. Great Plains, 1883 to 2003. Ecological Applications 21(4): 1105-1119.
  • Jamiyansharav, K., D. Ojima, R.A. Pielke, Sr., W. Parton, J. Morgan and A. Beltrán-Przekurat, D. LeCain and D. Smith. 2011.   Seasonal and interannual variability in surface energy partitioning and vegetation cover with grazing at shortgrass steppe.  Journal of Arid Environments 75(4): 360-370, doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2010.11.008
  • Parton, W.J., S.J. Del Grosso, E. Marx and A.L. Swan. 2011.  Agriculture’s role in cutting greenhouse gas emissions.  Issues in Science and Technology 27(4): 29-32.
  • Parton, W., R.V. Pouyat, and C. Duke. 2011. Ecological dimensions of biofuels.  Ecological Applications 21(4):  1037-1038.
  • Parton, W.J., R.J. Scholes, K. Day, J.O. Carter, and R. Kelly. 2011. CENTURY-SAVANNA Model for Tree-Grass Ecosystems. Pages 443-446 in M.J.Hill and N.P. Hanan (eds), Ecosystem function in Savannas: Measurement and modeling at landscape to global scale. Boca Raton, CRC Press.
  • Robertson, G.P., S.K. Hamilton, S.J. Del Grosso and W.J. Parton. 2011.  The biogeochemistry of bioenergy landscapes: carbon, nitrogen, and water considerations.  Ecological Applications 21(4): 1055-1067, doi: 10.1890/09-0456.1.
  • Davis, S., M. Dietze, E. DeLucia, C.Field, S. Hamburg, S. Loarie, W. Parton, M. Potts, B. Ramage, D. Wang, H. Youngs and S. Long.  2012.  Harvesting carbon from eastern US forests: opportunities and impacts of an expanding bioenergy industry.  Forests 3: 370-397.
  • Davis, S.C., W.J. Parton, S.J. Del Grosso, C. Keough, E. Marx, P.R. Adler, and E.H. DeLucia. 2012.   Impact of second-generation biofuel agriculture on greenhouse gas emissions in the corn-growing regions of the US.  Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10(2): 69-74, doi: 10.1890/110003.
  • Del Grosso, S.J. and W.J. Parton.  2012.  Climate change increases soil nitrous oxide emissions.  New Phytologist 196(2): 327-328, doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04334.x.
  • Parton, W., J. Morgan, D. Smith, S. Del Grosso, L. Prihodko, D. Lecain, R. Kelly and S. Lutz.  2012.  Impact of precipitation dynamics on net ecosystem productivity.  Global Change Biology 18(3): 915-927, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02611.x
  • Bonan, G.B., M.D. Hartman, W.J. Parton and W.R. Wieder.  2013.  Evaluating litter decomposition in earth system models with long-term litterbag experiments: an example using the Community Land Model version 4 (CLM4).  Global Change Biology 19(3): 957-974, doi: 10-1111/gcb.12031.
  • Cheng, K., S.M. Ogle, W.J. Parton, and G.X. Pan.  2013.  Predicting methanogenesis from rice paddies using the DAYCENT ecosystem model.  Ecological Modelling 261: 19-31, doi:10.1013/j.ecolmodel.2013.04.003.
  • Cleveland, C.C., B.Z. Houlton, W.K. Smith, A.R. Marklein , S.C. Reed, W. Parton, S. Del Grosso, and S.W. Running.  Patterns of new versus recycled primary production in the terrestrial biosphere, PNAS 110(31) 12733-12737.
  • De Kauwe, M.G., B.E. Medlyn, S. Zaehle, A.P. Walker, M.C. Dietze, T. Hickler, A.K. Jain, Y.Q. Luo, W.J. Parton, I.C. Prentice, B. Smith, P.E. Thornton, S.S. Wang, Y.P. Wang, D. Warlind, E.S. Weng, K.Y. Crous, D.S. Ellsworth, P.J. Hanson, H. Seok Kim, J.M. Warren, R. Oren and R.J. Norby.  2013.  Forest water use and water use efficiency at elevated CO2: a model-data intercomparison at two contrasting temperate forest FACE sites.  Global Change Biology 19(6): 1759-1779.
  • Duke, C.S., R. Pouyat, G.P. Robertson, and W.J. Parton.  Spring 2013. Ecological dimensions of biofuels.  Issues in Ecology 17: 1-17.
  • Duval, B.D., K.J. Anderson-Teixeira, S.C. Davis, C. Keough, S.P. Long, W.J. Parton, and E.H. DeLucia.  2013.  Predicting greenhouse gas emissions and soil carbon from changing pasture to an energy crop.  PLOS ONE 8(8): 1-12.
  • Koch, A., A. McBratney, M. Adams, D. Field, R. Hill, J. Crawford, B. Minasny, R. Lal, L. Abbott, A. O’Donnell, D. Angers, J. Baldock, E. Barbier, D. Binkley, W. Parton, D.H. Wall, M. Bird, J. Bouma, C. Chenu, C.B. Flora, K. Goulding, S. Grunwald, J. Hempel, J. Jastrow, J. Lehmann, K. Lorenz, C.L. Morgan, C.W. Rice, D. Whitehead, I Young, and M. Zimmermann.  2013. Soil Security: Soliving the Global Soil Crisis.  Global Policy 4(4): 434-441, doi: 10.1111/1758-5899.12096.
  • Parton, W.J., M.P. Gutmann, M.D. Hartman, E.R. Merchant, S.J. Del Grosso, and S.M. Lutz.  2013. Ecological impact of historical Great Plains land use changes from 1870 to 2003.  Pages 287-304 in D.G. Brown, D.T. Robinson, N.H.F. French, and B.C. Reed (eds), Land use and carbon cycle: Advances in integrated science, management, and policy.  New York, New York, Cambridge University Press.
  • Savage, K.E., W.J. Parton, E.A. Davidson, S.E. Trumbore and S.D. Frey.  Long-term changes in forest carbon under temperature and nitrogen amendments in a temperate northern hardwood forest. Global Change Biology 19(8): 2389-2400, doi: 10.1111/gcb.12224
  • Stockmann, U., M.A. Adams, J.W. Crawford, D.J. Field, N. Henakaarchchi, M. Jenkins, B. Minasny, A.B. McBratney, V. de Remy de Courcelles, K. Singh, I. Wheeler, L. Abbott, D. Angers, J. Baldock, M. Bird, P.C. Brookes, C. Chenu, J. Jastrow, R. Lal, J. Lehmann, A.G. O’Donnell, W.J. Parton, D. Whitehead and M. Zimmermann.  2013.  The knowns, known unknowns and unknowns of sequestration of soil organic carbon.  Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 164(2013): 80-99.
  • Wang, F., D.J. Mladenoff, J.A. Forrester, C. Keough, and W.J. Parton.  2013.  Global sensitivity analysis of a modified CENTURY model for simulating impacts of harvesting fine woody biomass for bioenergy.  Ecological Modelling 259: 16-23.
  • Zhang, Y., Y. Qian, B. Mecham and W.J. Parton.  2013.  Development of best turfgrass management practices using the DAYCENT model.  Agronomy Journal 105(4): 1-8, doi: 10.2134/agronj2012.0487.
  • Cheng, K., S.M. Ogle, W.J. Parton, and G.X. Pan.  2014.  Simulating greenhouse gas mitigation potentials for Chinese croplands using the DAYCENT ecosystem model.  Global Change Biology 20(3): 948-962.
  • Cheng, W.X., W.J. Parton, M.A. Gonzalez-Meler, R. Phillips, S. Asao, G.G. McNickle, E. Brzostek and J.D. Jastrow.  2014.  Synthesis and modeling perspectives of rhizosphere priming.  New Phytologist 201(1): 31-44, doi: 10.1111/nph.12440.
  • Cong, R.H., X.J. Wang, M.G. Xu, S.M. Ogle and W.J. Parton.  2014.  Evaluation of the CENTURY model using long-term fertilization trials under corn-wheat cropping systems in the typical croplands of China.  Plos One 9(4): e95142, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0095142.
  • De Kauwe, M.G., B.E. Medlyn, S. Zaehle, A.P. Walker, M.C. Dietze, Y.P. Wang, Y.Q. Luo, A.K. Jain, B. El-Masri, T. Hickler, D. Warlind, E.S. Weng, W.J. Parton, P.E. Thornton, S.S. Wang, I.C. Prentice, S. Asao, B. Smith, H.R. McCarthy, C.M. Iversen, P.J. Hanson, J.M. Warren, R. Oren and R.J. Norby.  2014.  Where does the carbon go?  A model-data intercomparison of vegetation carbon allocation and turnover processes at two temperate forest free-air CO2 enrichment sites.  New Phytologist 203(3): 883-899, doi: 10.1111/ nph.12847.
  • Del Grosso, S., P. Smith, M. Galdos, A. Hastings, and W. Parton.  2014.  Sustainable energy crop production.  Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 9-10(SI): 20-25, doi: 10.1016/j.cosust.2014.07.007.
  • DeLucia, E.H., N. Gomez-Casanovas, J.A. Greenberg, T.W. Hudiburg, I.B., Kantola, S.P. Long, A.D. Miller, D.R. Ort, and W.J. Parton.  2014.  The theoretical limit to plant productivity.  Environmental Science & Technology 48(16): 9471-9477, doi: 10.1021/es502348e.
  • Robertson, G.P., P.R. Grace, R.C. Izaurralde, W.P. Parton, and X.S. Zhang.  2014.  CO2 emissions from crop residue-derived biofuels. Nature Climate Change 4(11):933-934.
  • Scheer, C., S.J. Del Grosso, W.J. Parton, D.W. Rowlings and P.R. Grace.  2014.  Modeling nitrous oxide emissions from irrigated agriculture: Testing DAYCENT with high frequency mesaurements. Ecological Applications 24(3): 528-538, doi: 10.1890/13-0570.1.
  • Sheehan, J.J., P.R. Adler, S.J. Del Grosso, M. Easter, W. Parton, K. Paustian, and S. Williams.  2014.  CO2 emissions from crop residue-derived biofuels.  Nature Climate Change 4(11): 932-933.
  • Walker, A.P., P.J. Hanson, M.G. De Kauwe, B.E. Medlyn, S. Zaehle, S. Asao, M. Dietze, T. Hickler, C. Huntingford, C.M. Iversen, A. Jain, M. Lomas, Y.Q. Luo, H. McCarthy, W.J. Parton, I.C. Prentice, P.E. Thornton, S.S. Wang, Y.P. Wang, D. Warlind, E.S. Weng, J.M. Warren, F.I. Woodward, R. Oren, and R.J. Norby.  2014. Comprehensive ecosystem model-data synthesis using multiple data sets at two temperate forest free-air CO2 enrichment experiments: model performance at ambient CO2 concentration.  Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences 119(5): 937-964, doi: 10.1002/2013JG002553.
  • Zaehle, S., B.E. Medlyn, M.G. De Kauwe, A.P. Walker, M.C. Dietze, T. Hickler, Y.Q. Luo, Y.P. Wang, B. El-Masri, P. Thornton, A. Jain, S.S. Wang, D. Warlind, E.S. Weng, W. Parton, C.M. Iversen, A. Gallet-Budynek, H. McCarthy, A. Finzi, P.J. Hanson, I.C. Prentice, R. Oren and R.J. Norby.  2014.  Evaluation of 11 terrestrial carbon-nitrogen cycle models against observations from two temperate Free-Air CO2 Enrichment studies.  New Phytologist 202(3): 803-822, doi: 10.1111/nph.12697.
  • Adler, P.R., J.G. Mitchell, G. Pourhashem, S. Spatari, S.J. Del Grosso, and W.J. Parton.  2015.  Integrating biorefinery and farm biogeochemical cycles offsets fossil energy and mitigates soil carbon losses. Ecological Applications 25(4): 1142-1156.
  • Cotrufo, M.F., J.L. Soong, A.J. Horton, E.E. Campbell, M.L. Haddix, D.H. Wall and W.J. Parton.  2015.  Formation of soil organic matter via biochemical and physical pathways of litter mass loss. Nature Geoscience 8(10): 776-779, doi: 10.1038/NGEO2520.
  • De Antoni-Migliorati, M., W.J. Parton, S.J. Del Grosso, P.R. Grace, M.J. Bell, A. Strazzabosco, D.W. Rowlings, C. Scheer, and G. Harch. 2015.  Legumes or nitrification inhibitors to reduce N2O emissions from subtropical cereal cropping systems in Oxisols?   Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Environment 213: 228-240, doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2015.08.010.
  • Duval, B.D., M. Hartman, E. Marx, W.J. Parton, S.P. Long, and E.H. DeLucia.  2015. Biogeochemical consequences of regional land use change to a biofuel crop in the Southeastern United States.  Ecosphere 6(12): Article Number 265, doi: 10.1890/ES15-00546.1.
  • Dwivedi, P., W.W. Wang, T. Hudiburg, D. Jaiswal, W. Parton, S. Long, E. DeLucia, and M. Khanna.  2015. Cost of abating greenhouse gas emissions with cellulosic ethanol. Environmental Science & Technology 49(4): 2512-2522, doi: 10-1021/es5052588.
  • Hudiburg, T., S. Davis, W. Parton, E. DeLucia.  2015.  Bioenergy crop greenhouse gas mitigation potential under a range of management practices.  Global Change Biology – Bioenergy 7(2): 366-374,  doi:10.1111/gcbb.12152.
  • Malone, S.L., C. Keough, C.L. Staudhammer, M.G. Ryan, W.J. Parton, P. Olivas, S.F. Oberbauer, J. Schedbauer, and G. Starr.  2015.  Ecosystem resistance in the face of climate change: A case study from the freshwater marshes of the Florida Everglades. Ecosphere 6(4): Article Number 57, doi: 10.1890/ES14-00404.1.
  • Medlyn, B.E., S. Zaehle, M.G. De Kauwe, A.P. Walker, M.C. Dietze, P.J. Hanson, T. Hickler, A.K. Jain, Y.Q. Luo, W. Parton, I.C. Prentice, P.E. Thornton, S.S. Wang, Y.P. Wang, E.S. Wang, C.M. Iversen, H.R. McCarthy, J.M. Warren, R. Oren and R.J. Norby.  2015.  Using ecosystem experiments to improve vegetation models.  Nature Climate Change 5(6): 528-534.
  • Migliorati, M.D., W.J. Parton, S.J. Del Grosso, P.R. Grace, M.J. Bell, A. Strazzabosco, D.W. Rowlings, C. Scheer, and G. Harch.  2015. Legumes or nitrification inhibitors to reduce N2O emissions from subtropical cereal cropping systems in Oxisols? Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Environment 213:228-240.
  • Owen, J.J., W.J. Parton, and W.L. Silver.  2015. Long-term impacts of manure amendments on carbon and greenhouse gas dynamics of rangelands.  Global Change Biology 21(12): 4533-4547, doi: 10.1111/gcb.13044.
  • Parton, W.J., M.P. Gutmann, E.R. Merchant, M.D. Hartman, P.R. Adler, F.M. McNeal and S.M. Lutz.  2015.  Measuring and mitigating agricultural greenhouse gas production in the US Great Plains, 1870-2000.  PNAS 112(34): E4681-E4688, doi: 10-1073/pnas.1416499112.
  • Parton, W.J., S.J. Del Grosso, A.F. Plante, E.C. Adair, and S.M. Lutz.  2015. Modeling the dynamics of soil organic matter and nutrient cycling.  Pages 505-537 in E.A. Paul (ed), Soil Microbiology, Ecology, and Biochemistry.  London, Elsevier/Academic Press.
  • Ryals, R., M.D. Hartman, W.J. Parton, M.S. DeLonge, and W.L. Silver.  2015. Long-term climate change mitigation potential with organic matter management on grasslands. Ecological Applications 25(2): 531-545, doi: 10.1890/13-2126.1.
  • Soong J.L., W.J. Parton, F.J. Calderon, E.E. Campbell, and M.F. Cotrufo.  2015.  A new conceptual model on the fate and controls of fresh and pyrolized plant litter decomposition. Biogeochemistry 124(1-3): 27-44, doi: 10.1007/s 10533-015-0079-2.
  • Speckman, H.N., J.M. Frank, J.B. Bradford, B.L. Miles, W.J. Massman, W.J. Parton and M.G. Ryan.  2015.  Forest ecosystem respiration estimated from eddy covariance and chamber measurements under high turbulence and substantial tree mortality from bark beetles.  Global Change Biology 21(2): 708-721, doi: 10.1111/gcb.12731.
  • Walker, A.P., S. Zaehle, B.E. Medlyn, M.G. De Kauwe, S. Asao, T. Hickler, W. Parton, D. Ricciuto, Y. Wang, D. Warlind, and R.J. Norby.  2015.  Predicting long-term carbon sequestration in response to CO2 enrichment: How and why do current ecosystem models differ?  Global Biogeochemical Cycles 29(4): 476-495, doi: 10-1002/2014GB 004995.
  • Wang, L., Y. Qian, J.E. Brummer, J. Zheng, S. Wilhelm, and W.J. Parton.  2015. Simulated biomass, environmental impacts and best management practices for long-term switchgrass systems on marginal land in a semi-arid region. Biomass & Bioenergy 75: 254-266.
  • Ahlering, M., J. Fargione, and W. Parton.  2016.  Potential carbon dioxide emission reductions from avoided grassland conversion in the northern Great Plains. Ecosphere 7(12):e01625, doi: 10.1002/ecs2.1625.
  • Campbell, E.E., W.J. Parton, J.L. Soong, K. Paustian, N.T. Hobbs, and M.F. Cotrufo. 2016.  Using litter chemistry controls on microbial processes to partition litter carbon fluxes with the Litter Decomposition and Leaching (LIDEL) model.  Soil Biology & Biochemistry 100: 160-174, doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2016.06.007.
  • Chen, M., W.J. Parton, E.C. Adair, S. Asao, M.D. Hartman, and W. Gao.  2016.  Simulation of the effects of photodecay on long-term litter decay using DayCent.  Ecosphere 7(12):e01631, doi:10.1002/ecs2.1631.
  • Del Grosso, S.J., L.R. Ahuja, and W.J. Parton. 2016. Modeling GHG emissions and carbon changes in agricultural and forest systems to guide mitigation and adaptation: synthesis and future needs. Pages 305-317 in S.J. Del Grosso, L.R. Ahuja and W.J. Parton (eds), Advances in Agricultural Systems Modeling-Transdisciplinary Research Synthesis and Applications. Madison, American Society of Agronomy.
  • Del Grosso, S.J., L.R. Ahuja, and W.J. Parton. 2016. Synthesis and modeling of greenhouse gas emissions and carbon storage in agricultural and forest systems to guide mitigation and adaptation preface. Pages IX-X in S.J. Del Grosso, L.R. Ahuja and W.J. Parton (eds), Advances in Agricultural Systems Modeling-Transdisciplinary Research Synthesis and Applications. Madison, American Society of Agronomy.
  • Gomez-Casanovas, N., T.W. Hudiburg, C.J. Bernacchi, W.J. Parton, and E.H. Delucia.  2016.  Nitrogen deposition and greenhouse gas emissions from grasslands: uncertainties and future directions.  Global Change Biology 2(4): 1348-1360, doi: 10.111/gcb.13187.
  • Hudiburg, T.W., W.W. Wang, M. Khanna, S.P. Long, P. Dwivedi, W.J. Parton, M. Hartman, and E.H. DeLucia.  2016. Impacts of a 32-billion-gallon bioenergy landscape on land and fossil fuel use in the US.  Nature Energy 1: Article Number 15005, doi: 10.1038/NENERGY.2015.5.
  • Luo, Y.Q., A. Ahlstrom, S.D. Allison, N.H. Batjes, V. Brovkin, N. Carvalhais, A. Chappell, P. Ciais, E.A. Davidson, A. Finzi, K. Georgiou, B. Guenet, O. Hararuk, J.W. Harden, Y.J. He, F. Hopkins, L.F. Jiang, C. Koven, R.B. Jackson, C.D. Jones, M.J. Lara, J.Y. Liang, A.D. McGuire, W. Parton, C.H. Peng, J.T. Randerson, A. Salazar, C.A. Sierra, M.J. Smith, H.Q. Tian, K.E.O. Todd-Brown, M. Torn, K.J. van Groenigen, Y.P. Wang, T.O. West, Y.X. Wei, W.R. Wieder, J.Y. Xia, X.F. Xu, and T. Zhou.  2016. Toward more realistic projections of soil carbon dynamics by Earth system models.  Global Biogeochemical Cycles 30(1): 40-56, doi: 10.1002/2015GB005239.
  • Morgan, J.A., W. Parton, J.D. Derner, T.G. Gilmanov, and D.P. Smith.  2016. Importance of early season conditions and grazing on carbon dioxide fluxes in Colorado Shortgrass Steppe. Rangeland Ecology & Management 69(5): 342-350, doi: 10.1016/j.rama.2016.05.002.
  • Ogle, S.M., B.A. McCarl, J. Baker, S.J. Del Grosso, P.R. Adler, K. Paustian, and W.J. Parton.  2016.  Managing the nitrogen cycle to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from crop production and biofuel expansion. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 21(8):1197-1212, doi: 10.1007/s11027-015-9645-0.
  • Soong, J.L., M.L. Vandegechuchte A.J. Horton, U.N. Nielsen, K. Denef, E.A. Shaw, C.M. de Tomasel, W. Parton, D.H. Wall, and M.F. Cotrufo.  2016. Soil microarthropods support ecosystem productivity and soil C accrual: Evidence from a litter decomposition study in the tallgrass prairie.  Soil Biology & Biochemistry 92: 230-238, doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2015.10.014
  • Adair, E.C., W.J. Parton, J.Y. King, L.A. Brandt, and Y. Lin.  2017.  Accounting for photodegradation dramatically ijmproves prediction of carbon losses in dryland systems.  Ecosphere 8(7): Article Number e01892, doi:10.1002/ecs2.1892.
  • Chen, M., W.J. Parton, S.J. Del Grosso, M.D. Hartman, K.A. Day, C.J. Tucker, J.D. Derner, A.K. Knapp, W.K. Smith, D.S. Ojima, and W. Gao. 2017. The signature of sea surface temperature anomalies on the dynamics of semiarid grassland productivity. Ecosphere 8(12): Article Number e02069, doi: 10.1002/ecs2.2069.
  • De Kauwe, M.G., B.E. Medlyn, A.P. Walker, S. Zaehle, S. Asao, B. Guenet, A.B. Harper, T. Hickler, A.K. Jain, Y.Q. Luo, X.J. Lu, K. Luus, W.J. Parton, S.J. Shu, Y.P. Want, C. Werner, J.Y. Xia, E. Pendall, J.A. Morgan, E.M. Ryan, Y. Carrillo, F.A. Dijkstra, T.J. Zelikova, and R.J. Norby.  2017.  Challenging terrestrial biosphere models with data from the long-term multifactor Prairie Heating and CO2 Enrichment experiment.  Global Change Biology 23(9): 3623-3645, doi: 10.1111/gcb.13643.
  • Palmer, J., P.J. Thornurn, J.S. Biggs, E.J. Dominati, M.E. Probert, E.A. Meier, N.I. Huth, M. Dodd, V. Snow, J.R. Larsen, and W.J. Parton.  2017.  Nitrogen cycling from increased soil organic carbon contributes both positively and negatively to ecosystem services in wheat agro-ecosystems.  Frontiers in Plant Science 8: Article Number 731, doi: 10.3389/fpls.2017.00731.
  • Ryan, E.M., K. Ogle, D. Peltier, A.P. Walker, M.G. de Kauwe, B.E. Medlyn, D.G. Williams, W. Parton, S. Asao, B. Guenet, A.B. Harper, X.J. Lu, K.A. Luus, S. Zaehle, S.J. Shu, C. Werner, J.Y. Xia, and E. Pendall.  2017.  Gross primary production responses to warming, elevated CO2, and irrigation: quatifying the drivers of ecosystem physiology in a semiarid grassland.  Global Change Biology 23(8): 3092-3106, doi: 10.1111/gcb.13602.
  • Weiler,D.A., C.G. Tornquist, W. Parton, H.P. dos Santos, A.Santi, and C.Bayer.  2017. Crop biomass, soil carbon and nitrous oxide as affected by management and climate: A DayCent application in Brazil.  Soil Science Society of America Journal 81(4):945-955, doi: 10.2136/sssaj2017.01.0024.
  • Adler, P.R., S. Spatari, F. D’Ottone, D. Vazquez, L. Peterson, S.J. Del Grosso, W.E. Baethgen, and W.J. Parton.  2018. Legacy effects of individual crops affect N2O emissions accounting within crop rotations.  Global Change Biology Bioenergy 10(2):123-136, doi: 10.1111/gcbb 12462.
  • Asao, S., W.J. Parton, M. Chen, and W. Gao. 2018. Photodegradation accelerates ecosystem N cycling in a simulated California grassland. Ecosphere 9(8): Article Number e02370.
  • Del Grosso, S.J., W.J. Parton, J.D. Derner, M. Chen, and C.J. Tucker. 2018. Simple models to predict grassland ecosystem C exchange and actual evapotranspiration using NDVI and environmental variables. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 249:1-10, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.11.007.
  • Qin, X.B., H. Wang, Y. He, Y.E. Li, Z.G. Li, Q.Z. Gao, Y.F. Wan, B.D. Qian, B. McConkey, R. DePauw, R. Lemke and W.J. Parton. 2018. Simulated adaptation strategies for spring wheat to climate change in a northern high latitude environment by DAYCENT model. European Journal of Agronomy 95: 45-56, doi: 10.1016/j.e

Related Material